Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, usually caused by a bacterial infection. If left untreated, it can become a more serious infection known as periodontitis. Gingivitis and periodontitis are major causes of tooth loss in adults. The symptoms are:
• gums that are red, tender, or swollen
• gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth
• gums that have pulled away from the teeth
• loose teeth
• a change in how your teeth fit together when you bite (malocclusion)
• pus between teeth and gums
• pain when chewing
• sensitive teeth
• partial dentures that no longer fit
• foul-smelling breath that does not go away after you brush your teeth
HOW IS GINGIVITIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same would be done by a dentistry expert who would check the inflammation and also examine the mouth.
HOW IS GINGIVITIS TREATED?
Treatments begin with a deep cleaning of your teeth, antibiotic medications along with surgery, in case of need. Oral antibiotics and antibiotic mouthwashes are prescribed for regular use. A flap surgery may be recommended in severe cases when the gums are lifted to clean the plaque and then sutured back.
DID YOU KNOW?
If not treated, gingivitis can cause long-term problems like weakening of the gums followed with painful infections in the mouth that could cause fever.