Orthopaedic physiotherapy treatment is one of the oldest branches of physiotherapy and is oriented towards the treatment of the muscular and the skeletal ailments. It also involves regaining of the appropriate health and the right functioning of the structures that are surrounding the joint areas after any injury or an orthopaedic disease.
Orthopaedic physical therapy is a scientific approach to the treatment, following evidence and guidelines. Initially the orthopaedist or the physiotherapist will carry out a clinical assessment, followed by the right treatments. The treatment goal of the orthopaedic physiotherapist is to provide pain relief, increase joint range, and improve strength and flexibility. However, pre-operative physiotherapy can help to strengthen a patient physically. In case of a joint, physiotherapy can help maintain and improve range of movement prior to surgery and educate the client on their post-operative rehabilitation. This will facilitate the client to recover from surgery at a faster rate.
Following the physical therapy orthopaedic surgery, the team of physiotherapists will liaise closely with the surgeon to follow the recommended clinical protocol. In Orthopaedic Physical Therapy, examining of the musculoskeletal system is important to keep the concept of function in mind. Note any gross abnormalities of mechanical function beginning with the initial introduction to the patient. Continue to observe for such problems throughout the interview and the examination. If the patient complaints in the musculoskeletal system or if any abnormality has been observed, it is important to do a thorough Orthopaedic Physical Therapy examination, not only to delineate the extent of gross abnormalities, but also to look closely for subtle anomalies.