Oculoplastics, or oculoplastic surgery includes a wide variety of surgical procedures that deal with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, and the face. It also deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures. An oculoplastic surgeon is an ophthalmologist who has undergone specialized training in plastic surgery, specifically on the management of eyelid abnormalities, tearing problems, and orbital disease. The oculoplastic surgeon's primary focus is the health and safety of your eyes, but they also have unique skills as plastic surgeons.
Some types of oculoplastic surgeries are considered both medically necessary and cosmetic. For instance, certain eyelid and periocular issues can affect a person's appearance as well as their vision, eye comfort, and eye health. Eyelid surgery is also called an eye lift or blepharoplasty that reduces bagginess from lower eyelids and removes excess skin from the upper eyelids. This surgery is usually done for cosmetic reasons. It's also an effective way to improve sight among older people, whose sagging upper eyelids get in the way of their vision. The main operative goals of a blepharoplastic procedure are the restoration of the correct functioning to the affected eyelid(s) and the restoration of the aesthetics of the eye-region of the face, which are achieved by eliminating excess skin from the eyelid(s), smoothing the underlying eye muscles, tightening the supporting structures, and resecting and re-draping the excess fat of the retroseptal area of the eye, in order to produce a smooth anatomic transition from the lower eyelid to the cheek. Therefore, before a patient undergoes an oculoplastic surgery, the surgeon must check with the insurance company to determine whether the procedure is covered.