Vitrectomy treatment is recommended for the treatments of retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, macular holes and tearing of eye tissue.
Vitrectomy surgery involves the use of laser or conventional techniques for treatment of disorders affecting the eye. Removing the vitreous gel provides a better access to the back of the eye for treatment of eye problems including retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, scar tissue on the retina, or tears or holes in the macula.
At the end of the surgery, the doctor may inject an oil or gas bubble into the eye to replace the vitreous humor. This presses the retina against the wall of the eye. The oil bubble is removed after the eye has healed completely. Vitrectomies are performed under general or local anesthesia.
Your surgeon will make three tiny incisions in the eye to for the various instruments used during the procedure. The surgery lasts 2 to 3 hours. Usually, the patient is discharged within 24 hours. The doctor may advise the patient to keep the head in a particular position to keep the oil bubble pressed against the detachment. Post-operative care and precaution recommended by the doctor should be followed for a speedy recovery.
You should consult your doctor immediately if you notice any problems including decreasing vision, signs of infection, pain, redness, or swelling around the eye, a discharge from the eye, any new floaters or flashes of light in your field of vision.
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