MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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What does the word infertility mean?
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If you are women aged below 35, doctors will consider you infertile if you have failed to get pregnant after a year of intercourse without any use of birth control. But it is important to note that infertility doesn t necessarily mean that a couple or one of the partners is barren, there are different treatments which can help an infertile couple. If you are not able to conceive, talk to your doctor, and he can suggest you ways by which you can conceive a child.
Both men and women can have an infertility problem.
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Although it was considered previously that only the mother can be barren, the truth is that both the willing parents can be infertile. It has been seen that in case of about 20 percent couples who are suffering from infertility, both the partners have infertility issues. There are different tests which can ensure whether or not both the partners are infertile and there are effective treatment options to eliminate it.
Low sperm count and temporary drop in sperm count are most common infertility problems in males.
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Low sperm count is a condition which means that you are not able to produce sufficient amount of sperm. It may also include abnormally formed sperm or blockage in sperm ducts. If the testicles are injured due to any reason, there could be a temporary drop in the number of sperms. Exercising regularly, eating healthy and quitting smoking and alcohol intake can efficiently improve sperm count and sperm quality.
Inability to release eggs from the ovary is the number one cause of infertility among women.
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Inability to ovulate is the primary reason behind infertility in women which is caused by polycystic ovary syndrome. It can be also attributed to the issues in the fallopian tubes which are in charge of carrying the eggs from the ovary to the uterus. It has been speculated that women who smoke and consume alcohol are generally infertile. If you have any of these habits, it s high time to quit it.
How common is infertility?
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It has been found that about 1 in every 7 couples have trouble in conceiving although 8 out of 10 couples take part in intercourse on a regular basis. But it is seen that most couples do not conceive in the first year of their conjugal life, and they successfully conceive in the second year. There are several reasons that can cause infertility, but it remains undetected in the case of 3 out of 10 couples. Some reasons behind infertility are easier to treat than others; consulting with your gynecologist is the best way to reduce infertility.