Which of these eye problems is a direct consequence of diabetes?
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If you have diabetes, you should make it a routine to pay a visit to your doctor at regular intervals. Having high blood sugar makes you susceptible to different types of eye problems like blurred vision, glaucoma, cataracts and diabetic retinopathy. You will be surprised to know that high blood sugar is the major cause of blindness among people between 20 and 74 years. Keeping your blood sugar levels under control is the key to ward off the disease.
Which of these is the most common eye problem caused by high blood sugar?
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You need not rush to buy a new pair of glasses as soon as you notice that objects are appearing blurry. It could be a minor vision problem caused by the sudden hike in the blood sugar levels. For correcting it, you must get your blood sugar levels down to normal, and it may take around 3 months until your vision comes to normalcy. You should consult your physician and report of this problem as it is important to find out whether this is the case.
Diabetes can cause different types of retinopathy.
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When the small blood vessels in the eyes are damaged, it causes diabetic retinopathy. It is mainly caused by high blood sugar and the longer you have diabetes, the more likely you are to get this ailment. Even though people with type 1 diabetes have limited chances of developing this disease, it is important to monitor the diabetes levels of people with type 2. It is also important to keep cholesterol and blood pressure under control. Talk to a doctor to know if you have proliferative retinopathy, maculopathy or background retinopathy and treat it accordingly.
Glaucoma is one of the most common outcomes of high blood sugar with people having a family history of the disease.
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When the fluids in your eyes are not able to drain properly, it can lead to building up of pressure inside the eyes. This would not just cause a change in vision but also damage the blood vessels and nerves present in the eyes. The most common form of this disease, open-angle glaucoma can be easily treated with the help of medications. Such medicines can assist in lowering the eye pressure and speeding up drainage while decreasing the amount of liquid produced by the eyes. It is important to seek the advice of an expert who can detect it earlier as it would cause significant damage when left untreated.
Neovascular glaucoma is not related to high blood pressure.
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If you have high blood sugar for a long span of time, you are likely to be affected by a rare condition termed as neovascular glaucoma which makes the blood vessels to grow on the iris. This causes a rise in the eye pressure while also blocking the regular flow of fluid in the eyes. If you have been diagnosed with high blood sugar, take measures to bring it under control.