3 cm or smaller are functional cysts
, part of the ovulatory cycle, and do not require treatment. Larger cysts also often resolve on their own but should be followed up with an ultrasound
in 1 to 3 months. Sometimes birth control pills
, patch or ring are used to help the cyst
shrink, very large, 6 cm or larger, cysts containing solid material, and cysts with several compartments or septations, sometime require laparoscopic surgery
. After an ovarian cyst is evaluated by ultrasound and found to be only fluid (no solid components) it is best to let it heal on its own.