can lead to a variety of complications. Leg pain
and cramps often occur as a result of nerve damage called diabetic neuropathy
. If diabetes damages nerves in your arms or legs, it’s called diabetic peripheral neuropathy
. This condition can be a direct result of long-term high blood sugar
levels (hyperglycemia) in those who have diabetes.
Pain, burning, tingling
, and numbness
are common symptoms. Peripheral neuropathy
can also result in serious foot and leg conditions. Catching nerve damage early is important in preventing symptoms.
is most common in the legs and feet. Without treatment and management, it can become debilitating. The most important thing you can do to lower your risk of all complications, including diabetic neuropathy, is to keep your blood sugar level within the target range.
If you have neuropathy, controlling blood sugar is still very important. But there are some other steps you can take to help control this condition.
One of the first courses of action is pain management through medication. Over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen
, may help alleviate mild to moderate pain
. Two medications are currently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating diabetic peripheral neuropathy:
Other medications and treatment options include the use of opioid medications, such as tramadol
, and topical remedies and sprays.