Heart Attack or a myocardial infarction is a condition in which the heart tissue dies due to lack of oxygen supply. Healing of the heart muscle happens immediately after the heart attack, but the scar tissue does not contract. Heart’s pumping capability decreases after a heart attack. Symptoms are:
• Discomfort or heaviness or pressure in the chest
• Pain that radiates to the jaw, back or throat
• Fullness or indigestion or choking feeling
• Sweating or dizziness
• Rapid or irregular heartbeats
HOW IS HEART ATTACK DIAGNOSED?
Symptoms of a heart attack include:
• Discomfort, pressure, heaviness or pain in the chest, arm or below the breastbone
• Discomfort radiating to the back, jaw, throat or arm
• Fullness, indigestion or choking feeling (may feel like heartburn)
• Sweating, nausea, vomiting or dizziness
• Extreme weakness, anxiety or shortness of breath
• Rapid or irregular heartbeats
During a heart attack, symptoms last thirty minutes or longer and are not relieved by rest or nitroglycerin under the tongue.
HOW IS HEART ATTACK TREATED?
The treatment for Heart Attack has to be given on an emergency basis. The patient is normally taken to a hospital and started on a series of drugs to address all the problems. These include blood thinners and to avoid further clogging of the arteries and painkillers to take care of the pain. The doctors normally keep a close watch for the first 36 to 72 hours to avoid any complications.
DID YOU KNOW?
A healthy lifestyle helps prevents the occurrence of heart attacks.
For many the word heart attack is scary, it gives us a myriad of imaginations and nightmares. Heart attack is the heart muscle getting damaged due to lack of oxygenated blood. The blood flow gets hampered because of a blood clot or plaque in the coronary artery – the artery that supplies blood to the heart.
A person suffering from heart attack experiences one or many of these symptoms:
• Pain in the chest
• Pain the hands, arms, jaw or back
• Nausea or vomiting
• Shortness of breath
Immediate medical help is required for people who suffer from heart attack. Calling an ambulance and transferring the patient quickly to a hospital should be done. Primary measures are taken by the medical staff once the patient reaches the hospital. This involves coronary angiogram, reopening the block artery or thrombolysis – injecting medicine into the blood stream to remove the clot and constricting the coronary artery. Sometimes the two measures do not help the patient and they are not carried out.
A heart attack is different from a cardiac arrest. Cardiac arrest is when the heart stops pumping blood to other parts of the body. Eventually a heart attack can result in a cardiac arrest. When suffering a cardiac arrest the person is unconscious and has to be shifted to the hospital on emergency basis.
The question is why the coronary artery gets blocked. Many factors may lead to a blockage in the coronary artery. One of them is build up of plaque, fatty substances or cholesterol in the blood which slowly deposits on the walls of the arteries causing them to be blocked. The best way to prevent such blockage is to take preventive steps. Major lifestyle changes can reduce the fat deposits in the blood, changes like routine exercise, correct diet and stress free life can do miracles.
Obesity is another factor for fat deposits in the blood. Reducing weight can further help in reducing the risk of getting heart attack. Smoking and drinking is also one of the leading factors of heart attack. Abstaining from smoking and drinking will help to a great extent.
Recovery from a heart attack is slow but sure. Many will recover fast from the heart attack. Others will take some time.
So if anyone of you or your friends had suffered from heart attack then make sure you have the name and number of a cardiologist at hand for seeking immediate treatment. Lybrate is an online platform that provides you with all assistance in searching for a good cardiologist. Many features make this online platform really helpful for those seeking medical help. There is online consultation and list of doctors from almost all the cities in India. You can choose the one which is close to your home for assistance. You can consult doctors from all over India. Choose the doctor who you feel will give you the best solution to your problem in Indore, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Lucknow, Ludhiana.
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