The term Gastrointestinal Bleeding is used for defining bleeding that relates to the digestive tract and one can see blood coming out of the rectum area through stools, vomiting, etc. However, this form of blood is not always visible. Small traces of redness in the stool or even vomit is one of the first signs of Gastrointestinal Bleeding.
HOW IS GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING DIAGNOSED?
Gastrointestinal bleeding can be either upper gastrointestinal bleeding or lower gastrointestinal bleeding. About 2/3rds of the cases relate to upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis is based on the direct observation of blood in the stools and vomiting. A CT angiography will help in identifying the exact location of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract.
HOW IS GASTROINTESTINAL BLEEDING TREATED?
Treatment for GI bleeding usually includes hospitalization because blood pressure may drop and heart rate may increase and this needs to be stabilized. In some cases IV fluids or blood transfusions are needed, and surgery may be required.
DID YOU KNOW?
GI bleeding can be visible in the form of vomiting blood, having bright red bloody stools or having black tarry stools (melena). Even a small amount of GI bleeding that isn't visible can cause a shortage of red blood cells in your blood (anemia) over time.