A black eye, also referred as periorbital hematoma, or shiner, is bruising in the tissue under the skin surrounding eye. Bleeding beneath the skin and around the eye causes black eye. The area around the eye turns dark because tiny blood vessels under the skin burst, and leads to leak of blood around soft tissues. This can occur because of many factors ranging from surgery to any accident. This condition is often painful depending on the cause of the problem. It makes the skin swollen.
HOW IS BLACK EYE DIAGNOSED?
General physicians may diagnose a black eye based on its physical appearance. He may conduct a thorough physical examination and evaluate the cause of the injury. A skull X-ray may be needed in order to diagnose the severity of the impact and to check for any other underlying causes of black eye.
HOW IS BLACK EYE TREATED?
Pain accompanied with the black eye may require the prescription of pain relieving drugs, while home remedies usually work best to remove the appearance of the same gradually. Ointments may be prescribed by the dermatologist for topical application as well.