The work of the cardiopulmonary bypass is to overtake the functions of the heart and the lungs at the time of any surgery, such as mitral valve replacement treatment so that the optimal levels of oxygen and blood circulation in the body is maintained. It is important to consult a cardiologist for this treatment and he will decide if the patient can be operated upon. As it is not possible to operate a beating heart, the cardiopulmonary bypass machine provides nourishment to the blood cells so that they may continue cellar respiration even at the time of the surgery. Once the valve is inserted into the patient's body, the cannula is first passed through the right atrium for draining the venous return. This venous blood then flows to the venous reservoir under the gravitational force. The heat exchanger that passes takes care of the temperature of the blood as the open heart surgery is often performed after the cooling it to 28 to 34-degree centigrade. During the process of cardiopulmonary bypass, cardiologists take special care of factors to make sure that the pump is able to generate pressure and blood flow against a degree of resistance, there is no area of blood turbulence or stasis and the pump is made out of biocompatible materials. This treatment is quite expensive, as it involves hospital stay for a couple of days.
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