Advances in medical sciences have facilitated the treatment of almost all kinds of hearing deficiency. The treatment procedure and duration depends mainly on the nature of disorder causing the impairment. ENT specialists broadly categorize hearing impairment into three groups. Conductive hearing loss refers to the condition where outer or the middle ear fails to carry sound to the inner ear. When the inner ear, auditory nerve or brain does not detect sound waves normally, the loss is called sensorineural. In some cases, the patient may have both kinds of hearing loss.
Medications or surgery may be prescribed for a conductive hearing loss. Chronic ear infections that cause an accumulation of fluid behind the eardrum are managed with medication. Infections that do not respond to medication can be treated by insertion of a tiny tube into the eardrum to drain away the fluid.
Congenital defects in the middle and outer ear or structural deformities can usually be resolved by reconstructive surgery.
Hearing aids can be worn by people of any age and improve hearing by amplifying the sound and directing it into the ear canal. Implants are recommended for patients with severe to profound hearing loss. One part of the cochlear implant is surgically placed inside the ear while the other part is worn outside the ear. The external component sends a sound signal to the internal implant. The implant may be placed in the middle or inner ear or the auditory nerves.
Besides, several Fm systems are also available to counter hearing loss due to interference.
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