Osteoarthritis occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of ones bones wears down over time.It commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine.Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include:
Pain in the joint during or after movement.
Tenderness of the joint on application of light pressure to it.
Stiffness of the Joint when one wakes up in the morning or after a period of inactivity.
Loss of flexibility of the joint.
Hear or feel Grating sensation when joint is used.
Bone spurs may form around the affected joint.
HOW IS OSTEOARTHRITIS DIAGNOSED?
During the physical exam, the doctor will closely examine the affected joint, checking for tenderness, swelling or redness, and for range of motion in the joint. The doctor may also recommend imaging and lab tests which include:
• Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
• Blood tests.
• Joint fluid analysis
HOW IS OSTEOARTHRITIS TREATED?
The underlying condition cannot be cured but the symptoms can be effectively managed with lifestyle changes, physical and other therapies, medications, and surgery. Physical therapy, occupational therapy with Tai Chi and yoga has been found to be very effective.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though it is not a life-threatening disease, Osteoarthritis is known to wreck your everyday activities and causes acute discomfort.