Aplastic anaemia is a rare disease of the bone marrow. The haematopoietic stem cells present in the bone marrow, as well as the bone marrow, is damaged in patients with aplastic anaemia. It is characterized by pancytopenia and marrow hypoplasia. Symptoms are similar to those with decreased bone marrow production, such as: • Anaemia or bleeding • Pallor • Headache • Palpitations • Fatigue • Foot swelling • Overt or recurring infections • Oropharyngeal ulcerations
HOW IS APLASTIC ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A blood test or a bone marrow biopsy can help diagnose aplastic anemia.
HOW IS APLASTIC ANEMIA TREATED?
This condition can be treated by a hematologist with the help of blood transfusions that can ensure that the three blood platelets remain in the given range. Stem cell transplant can also be carried out. Also, the doctor may prescribe an immunosuppressant to deal with the issue.
DID YOU KNOW?
Untreated, severe aplastic anemia has a high risk of death