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Dr. Rashmi Prasad

MBBS, DGO, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology

Gynaecologist, Patna

24 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic
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Dr. Rashmi Prasad MBBS, DGO, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology Gynaecologist, Patna
24 Years Experience  ·  500 at clinic
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Personal Statement

I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
More about Dr. Rashmi Prasad
Doctor has helped numerous patients in his/her 24 years of experience as a Gynaecologist. Doctor has completed MBBS, DGO, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Rashmi Prasad on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 28 years of experience on Lybrate.com. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Education
MBBS - Shri Krishna Medical College, Muzzafarpur - 1993
DGO - Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna - 1997
DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology - PMCH , Patna - 2000
Professional Memberships
Indian society of Assisted Reproductive

Location

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Vatsalya Mamta Fertility Centre

234/235, Patliputra Colony, Patliputra. Landmark : Near: Ladoo Gopal SweetsPatna Get Directions
500 at clinic
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Pregnancy: The Second Trimester

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Pregnancy: The Second Trimester

The Second Trimester: What You Need to Know

  • During your second trimester prenatal visits, your health care provider will continue to check on your and your baby’s health, including monitoring the fetal heartbeat.

  • The second trimester is the most physically enjoyable for most women. Morning sickness usually lessens by this time, and the extreme tiredness and breast tenderness usually ease up.

  • Your fetus has now developed all its organs and systems and will now begin to grow in length and weight.

  • You may be able to feel the movement of the fetus for the first time at around 20 weeks. This phenomenon is called quickening.

  • A fetus born at the end of 24 weeks may survive in a neonatal intensive care unit.

Prenatal Visits During the Second Trimester

During your second and third trimester prenatal visits, your health care provider may check the following, depending on your current medical condition and the health of the fetus:

  • Any current symptoms or discomforts

  • Your weight

  • Your blood pressure

  • Urine test. This is done to find albumin, a protein that may indicate pre-eclampsia or toxemia, and glucose (which may indicate hyperglycemia).

  • Growth, size and development of the fetus

  • Size of the uterus. After approximately 12 weeks of gestation, the uterus can be felt through the abdominal wall.

  • Height of the fundus (top of the uterus), starting at 20 weeks of gestation

  • Fetal heartbeat

The Second Trimester: What to Expect

The second trimester marks a turning point for the mother and fetus. You will usually begin to feel better and start showing the pregnancy more. Your fetus has now developed all its organs and systems and will now begin growing in length and weight.

During the second trimester, the umbilical cord continues to thicken as it carries nourishment to the fetus. However, harmful substances also pass through the umbilical cord to the fetus, so care should be taken to avoid alcohol, tobacco and other known hazards.

During the second trimester, both your body and the fetus continue to grow.

 

The Second Trimester: Changes to Your Body

The second trimester is the most physically enjoyable for most women. Morning sickness usually lessens by this time, and the extreme tiredness and breast tenderness usually ease up. These changes can be attributed to a decrease in levels of human chorionic gonadotropin hormone and an adjustment to the levels of estrogen and progesterone hormones.

The following is a list of changes and symptoms that may happen during the second trimester:

  • Appetite may increase.

  • You may be able to feel the movement of the fetus for the first time around 20 weeks. This phenomenon is called quickening.

  • The uterus grows to the height of the bellybutton around 20 weeks, making the pregnancy visible.

  • The skin on the belly may itch as it grows, and there may be pain down the sides of the body as the uterus stretches. The lower stomach may ache as ligaments stretch to support the uterus.

  • The need to urinate often may decrease as the uterus grows out of the pelvic cavity, relieving pressure on the bladder.

  • Your nose may become congested, and you may experience nosebleeds. This is due to the increase in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) and blood flow that affect the mucous membranes and blood vessels in the nose.

  • Your gums become spongier and may bleed easily. This is due to the increase in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) that affect the mucous membranes in the mouth.

  • Varicose veins and hemorrhoids may appear.

  • You may have a white-colored vaginal discharge called leukorrhea. (A colored or bloody discharge may signal possible complications and should be examined immediately.)

  • The increasing weight gain may cause backaches.

  • Skin pigmentation may change on the face or abdomen due to the pregnancy hormones.

  • Heart burn, indigestion and constipation may continue.

The Second Trimester: Fetal Development

 

Fetal growth from weeks eight through 40 is depicted visually in this chart.

Click Image to Enlarge

 

Now that all the major organs and systems have formed in the fetus, the following six months will be spent growing. The weight of your fetus will multiply more than seven times over the next few months, as the fetus becomes a baby that can survive outside of the uterus.

By the end of the second trimester, your fetus will be about 13 to 16 inches long and weigh about 2 to 3 pounds. Fetal development during the second trimester includes the following:

  • The fetus kicks, moves and can turn from side to side.

  • The eyes have been gradually moving to the front of the face, and the ears have moved from the neck to the sides of the head. The fetus can hear your voice.

  • A creamy white substance (called vernix caseosa, or simply vernix) begins to appear on the fetus and helps to protect the thin fetal skin. Vernix is gradually absorbed by the skin, but some may be seen on babies even after birth.

  • The fetus is developing reflexes, like swallowing and sucking.

  • The fetus can respond to certain stimuli.

  • The placenta is fully developed.

  • The brain will undergo its most important period of growth from the fifth month on.

  • Fingernails have grown on the tips of the fingers and toes, and the fingers and toes are fully separated.

  • The fetus goes through cycles of sleep and wakefulness.

  • Skin is wrinkly and red, covered with soft, downy hair (called lanugo).

  • Hair is growing on the head of the fetus.

  • Fat begins to accumulate in the fetus.

  • Eyelids are beginning to open, and the eyebrows and eyelashes are visible.

  • Fingerprints and toeprints have formed.

  • Rapid growth is continuing in fetal size and weight.

  • The 20th week marks the halfway point of the pregnancy.

A fetus born at the end of 24 weeks may survive in a neonatal intensive care unit.

1 person found this helpful

I have a dark skin tone and there are blemishes under my eyes. I want to remove those blemishes and get a brighter lightened skin. Is it possible to achieve them naturally? And, what period of time is required for achieving them? Please help.

BHMS, DEMS
Homeopath, Pune
I have a dark skin tone and there are blemishes under my eyes. I want to remove those blemishes and get a brighter li...
Hello 3 months is required. Take homeopathic treatment, use richfeel anti blemish cream 2 times / day.
3 people found this helpful
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Is white discharge is the cause of not having pregnancy? I have white discharge after periods every month. Pcod. Please suggeset want to conceive height 5.6 weight 63.

SLE, Fellowship In Diabetology, Diploma In Psychology Mental Health And Illness, PLAB (MANCHESTOR, UK), FAGE, MBBS
General Physician, Bangalore
Thanks for your query. You seem to have a pelvic infection. You need to take antibiotics. As for pcod you need help from a gynaecologist to conceive. Please feel free to ask a private question.
1 person found this helpful
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Stay Healthy

BDS
Dentist, Navi Mumbai
Stay Healthy

Munching foods like apples, pears, carrots or celery after brushing can help in preventing discoloration as they trigger tooth-bathing saliva which helps in keeping the teeth whiter.

4 people found this helpful

Nine Best Essential For Asthma!

M.B.B.S,C.C.A,D.C.A,AASECT,FPA,AAD,M.I.M.S
General Physician, Gorakhpur
Nine Best Essential For Asthma!

Many people choose to utilize essential oils for asthma, as they can reduce respiratory inflammation and prevent a severe reaction to the triggers from asthma. By definition, asthma is the chronic inflammation of the airway, typically caused by certain triggers in the environment, or through physical activity. An asthma attack is basically an allergic reaction, in which the immune system overreacts to a trigger, sending a rush of blood and histamines to the respiratory tracts. This can cause a release of mucus in the airways and swelling of the respiratory tracts, making it difficult to breathe. When combined with the inflammation of the tissues, this can cause spasms in the respiratory system, causing wheezing and coughing.

Some of the most common triggers for asthma include cigarette smoke, animal dander, changes in weather, physical exertion, respiratory infections, sulfides in certain foods and beverages, perfumes, environmental pollutants and chemical irritants. With such a wide range of potential triggers, asthma is an unpredictable and dangerous condition. Some asthmatic attacks can be fatal if rapid treatment (via an inhaler or essential oil) is not administered. Some people develop asthma as they get older, while others are genetically predisposed and suffer from this condition from childhood. Due to the potential risks of asthma attacks, pharmaceutical treatments of asthma are highly recommended by doctors, but essential oils for asthma, particularly in mild cases, can be very effective.

List of best essential oils for asthma:

Some of the most useful essential oils for asthma include chamomile, clove, peppermint, lavender, eucalyptus, oregano, thyme, frankincense and tea tree oils.

1. Thyme oil

With its immune-boosting properties, as well as its expectorant and antibacterial abilities, thyme oil is ideal for asthma sufferers, as it can clear out the excess mucus in the respiratory tracts and eliminate infections that can exacerbate asthma symptoms.

How to use – this essential oil can be added to a steam inhalation treatment, or mixed with other aromatic compounds or carrier oils and applied to the chest, where it can be inhaled throughout the night for clear breathing in the morning.

2. Lavender oil

There are certain sedative and anti-inflammatory properties of lavender oil that make it ideal for treating asthma. It can reduce swelling in the respiratory tracts and soothe muscle contractions, preventing the bronchospasms that can cause wheezing.

How to use – you can add lavender oil to a warm bath and inhale deeply from the aromatic fumes, or mix lavender oil with jojoba oil and apply it to the chest as a vapor rub. After 20-30 minutes, you can wipe your chest clean, as the smell can be quite potent.

3. Eucalyptus oil

One of the active ingredients in eucalyptus oil, eucalyptol, is a known expectorant that can also break up excess mucus in the respiratory tracts, making it easier to breathe, while also soothing ;inflammation in the throat and breathing passages.

How to use – add 4-5 drops of eucalyptus oil to a pot of steaming water, cover your head with a towel, and breathe deeply so the microparticles of the oil can do their essential work in your respiratory tracts.

4. Oregano oil

Asthma symptoms are often compounded or exacerbated by respiratory infections and a weak immune system; oregano oil is packed with antibacterial and antiviral compounds that can boost your respiratory health and make your immune system less susceptible to overreactions in the form of asthmatic attacks.

How to use – do not use this oil in an inhaler or room diffuser, as it can cause breathing difficulties. However, when rubbed on the chest, neck or throat, it can absorb into the skin and provide relief.

5. Tea tree oil

When an irritant or asthma trigger enters the body, it stimulates an immune system response in the form of excess mucus production and inflamed airways. Tea tree oil can directly counter this response by the body and prevent a serious asthma episode.

How to use – due to the potency of tea tree oil, it should only be inhaled, rather than topically applied. Add 5-6 drops to a pot of steaming water, cover your head with a towel and breathe deeply for rapid, soothing relief.

6. Frankincense oil

This is one of the best essential oils for asthma, as it can not only reduce inflammation in the airways, but also prevent allergic reactions by the body. It will cut through mucus and relieve tightness in the chest, promoting normal, healthy breathing, even in the midst of an asthma attack.

How to use – many people choose to diffuse frankincense oil into the air for all-day relief from respiratory conditions, although applying a diluted version of this oil (with coconut oil) to your chest at night can help you breathe normally all night for uninterrupted sleep.

7. Clove oil

The anti-inflammatory and anti-spasmodic properties of this popular essential oil make it the perfect choice for asthma patients; it can prevent the respiratory tracts from seizing up when an allergen is detected, while also easing muscle tension in the throat so breathing can continue without interruption.

How to use – clove oil has a wonderful aroma, making it a popular choice in room diffusers, as well as steam inhalation treatments. Some people choose to mix it with a carrier oil (such as almond or olive oil) and use it as a chest rub. However, sensitivity to this oil is quite high, so never place the undiluted oil on the skin.

8. Peppermint oil

Armed with decongestant, anti-spasmodic, soothing and anti-inflammatory properties, peppermint oil is an excellent remedy for asthma sufferers, even during an asthma attack. It can open the breathing passages and prevent an asthma attack from becoming more severe.

How to use – you can topically use peppermint oil on your chest to promote good respiratory health, or add a few drops of this oil in a steaming pot for an inhalation treatment. Adding 10 drops to a warm bath and inhaling deeply as you soak is also a good approach for asthma.

9. Chamomile oil

This legendary anti-inflammatory oil is able to soothe respiratory inflammation and support the immune system, making it less likely to overreact to potential triggers. It can also function as an expectorant to eliminate excess mucus from the throat and lungs, making asthma attacks less severe.

How to use – you can add a few drops of chamomile oil to a cup of chamomile tea for a direct treatment of the respiratory tracts, although you can also inhale this oil during a steam inhalation treatment to help you keep your breathing clear all day.

A word of warning

The inhalation or application of essential oils for asthma can be extremely effective, but there are a number of risks associated with essential oil use. Allergic reactions can be common, along with skin inflammation and gastrointestinal distress (when consumed). Furthermore, some essential oils are slower acting than others, so in the midst of an asthma attack, they may not provide the instantaneous relief that is necessary. If you are an asthma sufferer, it is critical that you speak to your doctor about the severity of your condition and the potential risks of using essential oils for asthma. Severe cases of asthma can result in impaired or completely blocked respiratory function, so great care should be taken when treating this potentially fatal form of inflammation​.

2 people found this helpful

My wife is 19 yrs old, she had her periods 10 days back, got stopped after 7 days, but today again she has got periods. Worried that i had an unprotected sex while she was on periods, since then even i' m going through back to back illness since then still got an sore throat badly with fever. Eagerly waiting for your reply. Thanking you.

MBBS (Gold Medalist, Hons), MS (Obst and Gynae- Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst and Gynae), Fellow- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (ACOG, USA), FIAOG
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
In some diseases, periods may become irregular. Still to be on safe side, get an urine pregnancy test done at home
6 people found this helpful
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hello Dr. I took medicine unwanted 72 in this month. My period is delayed 5 days. Still not came. please help me give me right suggestion.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
hello Dr. I took medicine unwanted 72 in this month. My period is delayed 5 days. Still not came. please help me give...
Do a urine pregnancy test and if it negative, wait for your periods for one week. If still after one week your bleeding does not start ,then see a gynaec. However, if your test is positive, then see a gynaec immediately.
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I had unprotected sex with my girlfriend and then within 2 hours I gave her ipill. After 5 days she had her periods but after then she has missed her periods for 2 months. Is she pregnant?

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I had unprotected sex with my girlfriend and then within 2 hours I gave her ipill. After 5 days she had her periods b...
Hello, AS she had bleeding after 4 days so pregnancy chances are minimal, but its always better to rule it out as she has missed for 2 months already.
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Health benefits of papayas

MD - General Medicine
Sexologist, Delhi
Health benefits of papayas

1. Lowers cholesterol

#papaya is rich in fibre, #vitaminc and antioxidants which prevent cholesterol build up in your arteries. Too much cholesterol build-up can lead to several heart diseases including heart attack and hypertension.

2. Helps in weight loss

Those looking to lose weight must include papaya in their diet as it is very low in #calories. The fibre content in papaya leaves you feeling full and also clears your bowel movement making your weight loss regime easier.

3. Boosts your immunity

Your immunity system acts as a shield against various infections that can make you really sick. A single papaya contains more than 200% of your daily requirement of vitamin c, making it great for your immunity.

4. Good for diabetics

Papaya is an excellent #food option for diabetics as it has a low-sugar content even though it is sweet to taste. Also, people who don't have diabetes can eat papaya to prevent it from happening.

5. Great for your eyes

Papaya is rich in vitamin a which helps protect your vision from degenerating. Nobody wants to lose their ability to see due to diseases like age-related macular degeneration, and eating papayas will ensure that you do not see a day where you cannot see.

6. Protects against arthritis

Arthritis can be a really debilitating disease and people who have it may find their quality of life reduced significantly. Eating papayas are good for your bones as they have anti-inflammatory properties along with vitamin c which helps in keeping various forms of arthritis at bay. A study published in annals of the rheumatic diseases showed that people who consumed foods low in vitamin c were three times more likely to have arthritis than those who didn't.

7. Improves digestion

In today's times, it is nearly impossible to avoid eating foods that are bad for your digestive system. Often we find ourselves eating junk food or restaurant food prepared in excessive quantities of oil. Eating a papaya daily can make up for such occasional mistakes, as it has a digestive enzyme known as papain along with fibre which helps improve your digestive health.

8. Help ease menstrual pain

Women who are experiencing menstrual pain should help themselves to several servings of papaya as an enzyme called papain helps in regulating and easing flow during menstrual periods.

9. Prevents signs of ageing

All of us would love to stay young forever, but no one in this world has managed to do it. Still, healthy habits like eating a papaya daily will prolong the process and may make you look 5 years younger than you are. Papaya is rich in vitamin c, vitamin e and antioxidants like beta-carotene which helps prevent your skin from free radical damage keeping wrinkles and other signs of ageing at bay.

10. Prevents cancer

Papaya is a rich source of antioxidants, phytonutrients and flavonoids that prevent your cells from undergoing free radical damage. Some studies have also linked the consumption papaya to reduced risk of colon and prostate cancer.

11. Help reduce stress

After working hard for the whole day, it is a good idea to come home to a plate papayas. The wonder fruit is rich in several nutrients like vitamin c which can keep you free from stress. According to a study conducted at the university of Alabama, found that 200 mg of vitamin c can help regulate the flow of stress hormones in rats.

1 person found this helpful

I am trying to conceive from long time. Before 10 days of our periods what kind of food should we consume to conceive. Is it safe to have food like prawns or any kind of fish. Suggest an healthy diet.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
I am trying to conceive from long time. Before 10 days of our periods what kind of food should we consume to conceive...
There is no special food to make yu conceive and if the sperm count is fine and you have no tubal block you can conceive
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I get stomach ache on my 1st day of periods which is seriously unbearable! I've already consulted gynaecologist but was of no use! What do I do now?

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
I get stomach ache on my 1st day of periods which is seriously unbearable! I've already consulted gynaecologist but w...
Hi Mansi please get a pelvic ultrasound done to know cause of this pain. According to cause we can plan further treatment.
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After delivery of baby what my wife should take in diet so that her health can be maintained perfectly.

M/Sc Dietetics -Outstanding Grade-82%, Registration no-SRD-006/2014, Special Registered Dietician
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Pune
Avoid - sugar, potato, sweets, beet, ghee, fried foods, junkfood, vada, samosa, bhajji, banana, seetaphal, mango avoid mutton, organ meats, egg yolk, buffaloes milk, cheese, paneer, pizza, burger, choclates etc.
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My delivery is occurred in 20 days ago. Its normal delivery. My legs still have pain which is start in the third trimester of pregnancy. How can l treat this? The legs have large size compared to my body size.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gorakhpur
My delivery is occurred in 20 days ago. Its normal delivery. My legs still have pain which is start in the third trim...
You are still in puerperal stage post delivery and your body has not recovered yet from delivery. Start back stretching exercises to ease out pressure on lower back it will help your leg pains too. Go ahead with massage of leg n lower back take professional help it does wonders in improving proper lymphatic circulation which is compromised in advanced stages of pregnancy. Last but mist important take multivitamins snd calcium supplements daily.
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Tongue cleaning is as important as brushing and flossing. Use of a proper tongue scraper every morning will remove tongue plaque and freshen your breath.

Hi. M 36 weeks pregnant. Had scan in 35th week in which baby was in breech position. What can be done to flip baby to cephalic position? Scared of c- section.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi. M 36 weeks pregnant. Had scan in 35th week in which baby was in breech position. What can be done to flip baby to...
In earlier times external cephalic version was tried by doctors in cases of breech presentation. Nowadays it's not practiced as caeserian is always safer. Wait till 38 weeks if the baby rotates itself fine otherwise go for electve caeserian section.
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homoepathic treatment increase size or length of penis

BHMS
Homeopath, Sindhudurg
homoepathic treatment increase size or length of penis
In homoeopathy, there are many fruitful remedies to keep penis long and strong. The average girth for an erect penis length from 4.5 to 7 inches are enough to perform a successful sexual intercourse. When the length of the erect penis is below 4.5 or 4 inches then we call it micro penis. Some reasons are responsible for this problem such hormone, masturbation habit from childhood, infection in the prostate gland etc are very common reasons. Homeopathic remedies are very helpful to increase the size or length of the penis and make it strong. Homeopath can give good solution of that problem using proper homeopathic remedies consult for homoeopathic treatment.
195 people found this helpful

I haven't got periods for 3 months. I just have periods which is prolonging for more than 10days now. What should I do to stop it? Am a PCOD patient.

Diploma In Postpartum Depression, Formerly , House Job , Gynecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
I haven't got periods for 3 months. I just have periods which is prolonging for more than 10days now. What should I d...
Ho. You definitely have a hormonal disturbance most likely pcod. But you need to confirm and start medication for 9 months to one year. You must go for an ultrasound pelvis. You have blood tests on 2 nd day of your periods fsh, lh, prolactin. You must exercise and try to loose weight. Avoid all fatty and maida based items. Pcod is a condition characterised by periods irregularity, mood fluctuations, weight gain, acne, hair growth on face etc.
1 person found this helpful
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My wife is having cyst in right ovaries. So she is experiences heavy pains during MC. What should be done?

MBBS
Sexologist, Panchkula
Your wife is having cyst in right ovary and heavy bleeding during menses. I advise you to tell me the duration between periods and for how many days bleeding is there and her hb, for better guidance and treatment.
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