Depression is a mood disorder causing a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Causes may include a chemical imbalance in the brain and stressful life events, such as the loss of a loved one. The persistent feeling of sadness or loss of interest that characterizes major depression can lead to a range of emotional and physical conditions. These include the inability to sleep or concentrate on tasks. Changes in appetite, decreased energy level and thoughts of suicide are also seen. The mainstay of treatment is talk therapy with a trained psychologist or psychiatrist. Medications (for example citalopram and paroxetine) that act on the chemical imbalance in the brain are also useful treatments for major depression.
HOW IS DEPRESSION DIAGNOSED?
Psychiatrists and psychologists can diagnose depression based on your symptoms. They may examine your medical history and evaluate your changes in behavior through a questionnaire. In order to determine if depression is associated with other health conditions, the doctor may order for blood tests and imaging studies like CT scan and MRI of the brain
HOW IS DEPRESSION TREATED?
Treatment for depression focuses on providing psychological counseling to patients. Antidepressant medications also help in combating with symptoms like sleeplessness.
DID YOU KNOW?
Women have a higher rate of major depression than men.
You may go through a spell where you feel low emotionally and physically due to some passing pressure in life. But if this emotional state of sadness and desperation becomes constant and starts obstructing your day to day living, it indicates towards something which is more serious and needs immediate attention. This condition is commonly known as depression. If you are suffering from depression your state of mind will become such that your work and daily activities will no longer interest you. This mood disorders affects about 350 million people in the world.
This disorder is not only common among adults, but affects persons of all ages. Thus even children can go through depression. This can largely affect their social and personal life. If you notice that your child is showcasing certain symptoms of depression, ensure that you seek professional help immediately. Regular sessions of counselling with a professional counsellor, especially dealing with child psychology, will help your child overcome this problem effectively.
The symptoms of depression varies from one person to another, depending upon the cause of the depression. Some of the symptoms of this condition include-
• You tend to be in a state of desperateness and helplessness
• You can possibly become uninterested in day to day activities
• You may experience change in eating habits
• Lack of sleep
• Short temperedness and irritability
• Tiredness and lethargy
• You might have problems concentrating
• Unexplained pain
• Obsessive compulsive disorder
Primarily you may suffer from the following types of depression-
1. Persistent depressive disorder
2. Perinatal depression
3. Psychotic depression
4. Seasonal affective disorder
5. Bipolar disorder
Among these, bipolar disorder, which is also known as manic depression can result in sudden mood changes and behavioral changes. This condition is often mistaken for depression as the initials symptoms are similar. If you get treated for depression when you have bipolar disorder, it can make the condition worse.
When you consult a doctor for depression, the first thing he will recommend is a depression test, this includes bloods tests, CT scans and ECG. These tests are usually done to find out if the cause of your depression is because of a health condition. Once all medical possibilities are ruled out, you doctor may prescribe antidepressant medication and refer you to a psychologist or psychiatrist to get to the root of your problem. Your counsellor will effectively guide you with how to overcome depression.
Lybrate gives you a chance to consult the top psychologists and psychiatrists and seek their advice either online or face to face. Through Lybrate you can get in touch with the top doctors all across India. Locate the top psychologists, psychiatrists and general physicians in Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Indore, Jaipur, Jalandhar etc. Lybrate.com is an ideal medium of communication between you and doctors of your choice via online services. Subscribe to Lybrate.com and get regular updates and tips on how to overcome depression, Obsessive compulsive disorder and Bipolar disorder.
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