Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that affect how one feels, thinks, and handles daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. The signs and symptoms include:
• continuous low mood or sadness
• feeling hopeless and helpless
• having low self-esteem
• feeling tearful
• feeling guilt-ridden
• feeling irritable and intolerant of others
• having no motivation or interest in things
• finding it difficult to make decisions
• not getting any enjoyment out of life
• feeling anxious or worried
• having suicidal thoughts or thoughts of harming self
HOW IS DEPRESSION DIAGNOSED?
Questionnaires and checklists such as the Beck Depression Inventory or the Children's Depression Inventory can be used by a psychiatrist to help detect and assess the severity of depression.
HOW IS DEPRESSION TREATED?
Depressed mood may not require professional treatment, and may be a normal reaction to life events, a symptom of some medical condition, or a side effect of some drugs or medical treatments. A prolonged depressed mood, especially in combination with other symptoms, may lead to a diagnosis of a psychiatric or medical condition which may benefit from treatment. Different subdivisions of depression have different treatment approaches. In the United States, it has been estimated that two-thirds of people with depression do not actively seek treatment. The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) 2009 guidelines indicate that antidepressants should not be routinely used for the initial treatment of mild depression because the risk-benefit ratio is poor. The treatment of depression is best managed by lifestyle choices, which includes, diet, sleep, and exercise. A recent meta-analysis also indicated that most antidepressants, besides fluoxetine, do not seem to offer a clear advantage for children and adolescents in the acute treatment of major depressive disorder
DID YOU KNOW?
For some people, the reduced daylight hours of winter lead to a form of depression known as seasonal affective disorder (SAD)
Depression is probably the most common problem that a psychologist or psychiatrist faces every day. You can hardly detect when depression becomes a chronic problem. While it starts with recurrent feelings of helplessness, it aggravates into something else. There are various symptoms of depression. However, you must keep in mind that the symptoms may not be the sole condition in determining depression. Hence, a proper counselling session under an experienced counselor is mandatory if you want to know how to overcome depression. If your problem has aggravated to an alarming extent, you should rather shift to a professional psychologist. Whether it is a case of child psychology or it is an adult who is suffering from depression, it is advisable to get immediate treatment.
Based on the symptoms of depression, there are variants of depression-
• Seasonal affective disorder
• Persistent depressive disorder
• Situational depression
• Postpartum depression
• Psychotic depression
• Bipolar disorder or Manic depression
While all forms of depression are dangerous, bipolar disorder is a familiar name in terms of notoriety. While many great artists used to have bipolar disorder, it is not exactly a boon. Rather, people suffering from bipolar disorders oscillate between extreme moods. You can detect a bipolar disorder in a person when you see that person oscillating between extreme happiness and wrath. It is precisely why a depression test is not always feasible on a person with bipolar disorder. Often, bipolar disorder is augmented further by a presence of obsessive compulsive disorder. Children often suffer from bipolar disorder and parents misinterpret it as a trivial case of rudeness. However, such intricacies of child psychology are not always detectable to the novice eye. So, a psychologist is immediately necessary in case your child’s mood shows signs of extreme variation.
If you are worried that you are becoming a patient of depression, then a depression test may come to your primary aid. Consisting of questions that basically describe the possible symptoms of various depressions, a depression test performs a primary detection of a possible mode of depression. The questions are generally regarding-
• A worsening of attitude or a dearth of enthusiasm in anything and everything
• Irregular sleeping habits and tendencies of doze off during daytime
• A sense of tiredness always engulfing your mind
• Sudden urge to suicide
• Steadily degrading self-confidence
The problem with a detection test is that it relies on the honesty of the test taker. So, you may try to skip a symptom of depression in the answer that you generally show. Hence, the veracity of a depression test is questionable. If you are not sure regarding the test, it is best to consult the nearest psychiatrist immediately. Especially in the case of child psychology, such a depression test is hardly effective since children tend to hide their problems initially and can hardly realize the potential dangers.
If your depression test shows that you are actually suffering from one of common types of depression, you should not feel distraught. A psychiatrist can cure any kind of depression, including the infamous bipolar disorder. All you need to do is find a cooperative psychologist who will listen to your problems with care and make sure you come out of your depression. Through Lybrate you can choose and consult the top doctors all across India. Locate the top psychologists, psychiatrists and general physicians in Agra, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh etc. Lybrate.com is a great platform which offers online support to your medical issues. Subscribe to Lybrate.com and contact the doctor of your choice for tips on how to overcome depression and Bipolar disorder.
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