Myself Dr Ekta Singh, a gynaecologist in Noida. Aj hum baat karenge un infections ki women ki private parts mein hoti hain. Isme bohut ki common hain urinary tract infection, ya hum use UTI ki naam se jante hain. Isme patient ko, baar baar urine jana padh sakta hain, burning ho sakti hain, or pain bhi hota hai genital area me. Yeh kabhi bhi ho sakta hain, kisi bhi age group mein ho sakta hain, aur winter mein kabhi kabhi paani peena kam karte hain to aisa ho jaata hain. Isme hum jab urine test karate hain, routine microscopy and culture, toh isse pata chalta hai ki haan, infection hai. Lekin ye test karana tab bilkul zaruri hota hain jab ye infection recurrent ho, baar baar ho jay. Aise hi agar baar baar hota hain, ya saath mein flank pain ho raha hai, toh humein ek ultrasound jo kidney-bladder ko focus karta hua hota hain, ultrasound ko KUB kehte hain hum, use karana chahiye, aur agar aap ki mother father diabetic hain, ya humein kabhi aisa raha ho, toh blood sugar ka test bhi karna chahiye. Agar paani dher sara piyein, agar apko…piyein aap, toh apni gyanecologsit se mile, who apko antibiotic dete hain, aur ____ agent dete hain, aura ap use treat ho sakte ho.
Ab hum baat karenge infections in vaginal tract, jaise vaginitis and vulvitis. Isme patient ko bohut zyada itching hoti hain, redness ho sakta hain, discharge hota hain. Ye alag alag agents ke wajah se ho sakte hain jaise fungal infection apne suna hoga, jisko candida infection bhi kehte hain, yeast infection bhi kehte hain. Isme patient ko bohut thick discharge hota hain, curdy white, chesse ki tarah ka, cheesy white discharge hota hain, and itching is very severe, redness ho sakti hain.
Iske ilawa protozoan infection hota hain, isme frothy yellowish white discharge hota hain aur itching hoti hain, thin discharge hota hain.
Iske alwa bacterial infection bhi ho sakta hain. Iske liye aap apni gynaecologist se treatment lete hain, aur especially agar aap sexually active hain, toh husband and wife ya both partners should take medicines, then results are long term and effective.
Iske alawa apne suna hoga bohut saare sexually transmitted disease hote hain jisme se bohut saare curable hain, jaise gonorrhoea, and chlamydia and syphilis. Inko toh cure kiya ja sakta hain, par kuch hai jinko cure nahi kiya ja sakta hain, treatment ko unka sambhav hain, jaise ki aap jante hain Hepatitis B and HIV, AIDS jisko hum kehte hain, Herpes…inko properly cure karna sambhav nahi hain. Aj ke yug mein jo hamare paas therapies hain. Iske liye hum samaj sakte hain ki prevention zyada accha hain. Toh hum sabhi ko apna husband ya partner ki sexual history ke baare main pata hona chahiye. Agar hum monogamous hain, matlab hamare partner ek hain, toh chances of sexually transmitted diseases bohut kam ho jaat hain, jaise ki India mein hum sabhi…most of us are monogamous. This is good practice actually. And then we should use a barrier method. Barrier methods humein ek doosre se infection transmission ko kaafi kam kar dete hain. Iske upar agar hum jate hain, toh PID – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease ho sakti hain patient ko, jisme humein lower abdomen pain hota hain. Ya hum sexually active hain, toh during coitus, humein pain ho sakta hain. Aisa kuch bhi hota hain toh hum gynaecologist se mil sakte hain.
Agar aap mujhse consult karana chahte hain, toh Lybrate ke through aap mujhse appointment le sakte hain, ya online consultation bhi kar sakte hain. Otherwise aap mere clinic pe, jo ki 61 Sector mein hain, Noida mein, C20 is the address, you can come here.
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Hi friends, I am Dr Ekta Singh, Gynaecologist in Noida. Aaj hum baat karenge ke reproductive tract ki care kaisi karni chahiye, kyunki aap jaante hai prevention is always better than cure.
First of all, hume apna proper hygiene maintain karni chahiye private parts ki. For that water wash is good enough. Soap ka regular use karna is not good actually. And then jab humare menses aate hain, then we should change our pads in every 3 to 4 hours, and we should practise safe sex practices. Aap jaante hai bahut saare sexually transmitted diseases hai, jese ki, HIV, AIDS, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Herpes, Syphilis etc. So there are barrier methods that you can use. Then you have, Contraceptive care, ya fir hum ise birth controlling method bhi kehte hai, jo ki humein use karna chahiye.
Kabhi kabhi, hum regularly use karte hain emergency contraceptive ka, that is not good. Not a healthy practice. There are barrier methods such as IUCT, jisse Copper T kehte hain, ya birth controlling pills hote hain jo aap regular basis pe letey ho, that are healthier alternatives.
And then, aap ko shayad pata ho, that every lady should do and know breast self examination. Humein aapne har mahina after menses, every month, we should select a date, after our menses, we should do, aapne breast ka self examination karna chahiye. Jab hum bath le rahe hotey hain, uss samay with soapy hands, with three fingers we should do the breast self examination. And then, aapne shayad Pap Smear ka naam suna hoga. Pap smear is a test jisse hum apne uterus ke mouth ka test karte hain. Womb ke mouth ko hum cervix kehte hai. Woh healthy hai ya nahin, woh ek chhote se test se, jab aap OPD mein jaate ho, aapne gynaecologist ke paas, ek simple test hai, woh aap le saakte ho, karwa sakte ho, Liquid based cytology kehlate hai. Agar hum sexually active hai, lag bhag, sexually active huye hume 3 saal huye hai toh hum karwa sakte hai. Hume shuru karwa dena chahiye, every 3 years mein ya 5 years mein, ya humari umaar 21 years se zyada hai, to hi. Aur agar humare umaar 35 years se zyaada hain, toh ek Human Papilloma Virus test hota hai, woh bhi bahut zaroori hai karana.
Iske alava kuch general advices hai jo aap follow karenge toh bahut achha hoga. Jaise, simple, humein paani dher saara peena chahiye. Aap jaante hain humaare blood mein, kareeb 50 to 60% water content hota hai. Ye water humare body ke har cell tak nutrition pahuchata hai, aur toxins remove karke urine ke raaste yeh remove karte hai. Toh water aapka lena, kareeb 3-4 litre lena is very good. Depends ki agr summer hai toh thoda zada pani lijiye, winter mein thoda kam bhi chalega.
Then, oxins avoid karna chahiye. Aajkal bahut saare advanced bachhe hain, smoking karte hain, alcohol is a status symbol, and drugs. These are actually not good at all. Other toxins jo hum bahut zyada use karte hain, jse ki:
- Microwave ka use, that is not good.
- Plastic wares mein hum khaana paakate hai microwave ke andar.
- Hum bottles le jaate hain plastic ki, usse car mein rakhkhe rakhkhe garam ho jaate hain and that water is really dangerous.
- And then aapko exercise, regular exercise is very good. Lekin aap agar gym mein bahut intense exercise karte ho, that is sometimes, not very good.
- Swimming, walking, is all good.
- And iske alava, last but not the least, humein positive thinking karni chahiye.
Jaise aap jaante hain, stress is absolutely, absolutely unhealthy for us, for our health. And agar aapko lagta hai ki kahin koi abnormalities nazar aatey hai, toh aap apne gynaecologist se mil sakte hain. Aur agar kuchh bhi nahin nazar aatey hain to sb normal hain, toh bhi aap ek routine check up ke liye apne gynaecologist se mile toh aap apne health ko leke sure ho sakte hai.
Aur agar aap mujhse consultation lena chahte hain, toh aap Lybrate se le saakte hai. Otherwise you can come to my clinic, which is situated in Noida, 61 sector, C 20.
Thats all, Thank You. Bye.HIV AIDS read more
Doctor in Metro Multispeciality Hospital
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
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If you are pregnant with your first child and you are aware that you don't get your periods during this phase, naturally you may be scared if you suddenly start getting your periods. Your natural instinct says that you are experiencing a miscarriage. Although it is worrisome, if you bleed during your pregnancy, it is however, a very common phenomenon during the first trimester. However, if it continues to happen, you need to consult your gynaecologist as soon as possible.
Let us see the reasons for which you may encounter heavy bleeding during early pregnancy
- You can experience bleeding if you have sex during the early phases of your pregnancy. This is because the cervix becomes softer due to pregnancy and gets increased blood flow during the thrust. This bleeding doesn't harm the baby, so there is nothing to be scared of.
- When you are pregnant, the primary fertilization of eggs happens in the fallopian tube. After that, the eggs are then implanted in the uterine wall. During this phase, you can encounter bleeding. You may find it similar to the menstrual bleeding with a slight change in the colour, but there is not much to worry.
- You may experience sudden bleeding if the fertilized eggs are embedded in the wall of the fallopian tube instead of the uterus. This condition is called Ectopic Pregnancy and can lead to the rupture of the fallopian tubes once the embryo grows bigger in size. This is a serious situation and you need to consult a doctor as soon as possible.
However, you cannot rule out the chances of miscarriage. So, if you are really scared of intermittent bleeding when you are expecting, it's best to go for medical care as soon as possible.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Gestational trophoblastic disease is when there are trophoblastic cells which are growing abnormally inside the uterus. It is a pretty rare disease. Gestational trophoblastic disease mostly occurs after conception. The trophoblastic cells are a sort of tumorous cells which surround the fertilized egg in the uterus. It is a very serious and painful condition which can even become cancerous.
Here are the treatments for gestational trophoblastic disease.
- Hysterectomy: A hysterectomy is when the entire uterus is removed from the body using surgery. Hysterectomy is one of the most common methods to cure gestational trophoblastic disease. However, after the hysterectomy, a lot of beta human chorionic gonadotropin blood tests are administered every week. Beta human chorionic gonadotropin blood tests are sometimes shortened to B-HCG blood tests. Patients will also have to visit the doctor for up to 6 months every month following the hysterectomy. However, since a hysterectomy completely removes the uterus, it is probably a last resort option as the baby is kept in the uterus. Chemotherapy and dilation and curettage are perhaps better options if you have gestational trophoblastic disease.
- Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is usually done with one or more anti-cancer drugs. Chemotherapy is continued until the B-HCG or beta human chorionic gonadotropin levels are back to normal. If the chemotherapy does not reduce beta human chorionic gonadotropin levels or the tumor spreads to other parts of the body, then different treatment is required. This includes using chemotherapy for what is known as high-risk metastatic GTN for the gestational trophoblastic disease.
- Dilation and curettage: This is a much less drastic procedure and is usually done when the tumor has not spread as much. A D&C which is the short form of dilation and curettage is performed so that the inner parts of the lining of the uterus as well as abnormal tissues are all removed. This is performed by dilating the cervix so that the inner parts of the lining of the uterus as well as the abnormal tissue is all removed. However, a dilation and curettage is safe only when you have a molar pregnancy.
A rising number of teenage girls in the country are getting affected with Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease or PCOD. Though an advanced menarche has become very rampant these days, there are many young women who are suffering from a delay in menarche, which in turn is leading to PCOD as opined by gynaecologists. Obesity and sedentary lifestyle among young people have caused a rapid doubling of PCOD cases in the past five to eight years.
Occurrence and Symptoms:
Gynaecologists report that they get at least 15 fresh instances of PCOD cases and a considerable number of teenagers aged 16-17 are not getting their menarche. Such patients are recommended to take a strictly balanced diet, which will help them to lose weight. Initially, their mothers think that they would experience their menarche in proper time, but some girls are diagnosed with PCOD when taken to a family gynaecologist. Even worse, they could never imagine that their obesity can pave the way for such a grave health issue. PCOD can cause numerous other problems like delayed and irregular menses, rapid weight gain and tremendous difficulty in losing weight, developing acne and blocked skin pores. Furthermore, it leads to thinning of hair and excessive growth of hair on chest, back and face. Infertility, continual miscarriage, high blood pressure and high blood sugar are also common with PCOD.
Help yourself with the right diet:
There is no proven evidence regarding the cause of PCOD though gynaecologists are of the opinion that some females possess a predisposition to this disease and it may run hereditarily in the family. You can alleviate your PCOD symptoms to a considerable extent by regulating your diet properly. Have loads of fruits and green leafy vegetables and try to abstain from dairy products as many experts believe that dairy products are a direct cause of an increase in insulin levels, which can aggravate skin troubles along with other PCOD symptoms. Avoiding red meat and eating lean meat instead will help the condition and reduce the chances of infertility. It is always recommended to avoid hydrogenated and saturated fats, which are normally found in animal and dairy-based food. Try to put a stop to cheese, cottage cheese, clarified butter, pork, lamb, beef, etc. and certain baked products like cookies, cakes and fudges as they will trigger a rise in your blood sugar and cholesterol levels.
Foods to be avoided are foods with high glycemic index, refined sugars and carbohydrates- not milk products. PCOD is such a condition, which you can never afford to overlook. If you had been facing any of the common symptoms, then it is probably time to pay a visit to a responsive gynaecologist.
Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted by the blood against the walls of the arteries. A person's blood pressure is considered high when the readings are greater than 140 mm Hg systolic (the top number in the blood pressure reading) or 90 mm Hg diastolic (the bottom number). In general, high blood pressure, or hypertension, contributes to the development of coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and kidney disease.
Causes of High Blood Pressure During Pregnancy
- Being overweight or obese
- Failing to stay active
- Drinking alcohol
- First-time pregnancy
- Teenage pregnancies
- A family history of pregnancy-related hypertension
- Carrying more than one child
- Age (over 40)
- Assistive technology (such as IVF)
What are the effects of high blood pressure in pregnancy?
Although many pregnant women with high blood pressure have healthy babies without serious problems, high blood pressure can be dangerous for both the mother and the fetus. Women with pre-existing, or chronic, high blood pressure are more likely to have certain complications during pregnancy than those with normal blood pressure. However, some women develop high blood pressure while they are pregnant (often called gestational hypertension).
The effects of high blood pressure range from mild to severe. High blood pressure can harm the mother's kidneys and other organs, and it can cause low birth weight and early delivery. In the most serious cases, the mother develops preeclampsia or "toxemia of pregnancy", which can threaten the lives of both the mother and the fetus.
How can women with high blood pressure prevent problems during pregnancy?
If you are thinking about having a baby and you have high blood pressure, talk first to your doctor or nurse. Taking steps to control your blood pressure before and during pregnancy - and getting regular prenatal care - go a long way toward ensuring your well-being and your baby's health.
Before becoming pregnant:
- Be sure your blood pressure is under control. Lifestyle changes such as limiting your salt intake, participating in regular physical activity, and losing weight if you are overweight can be helpful.
- Discuss with your doctor how hypertension might affect you and your baby during pregnancy, and what you can do to prevent or lessen problems.
- If you take medicines for your blood pressure, ask your doctor whether you should change the amount you take or stop taking them during pregnancy. Do not, however, stop or change your medicines unless your doctor tells you to do so.
While you are pregnant:
- Obtain regular prenatal medical care.
- Avoid alcohol and tobacco.
- Talk to your doctor about any over-the-counter medications you are taking or are thinking about taking.
Note: Treatment before and during pregnancy should be a medication which is safe as few antihypertensives are teratogenic.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
By the time a woman is 20 years of age, monthly periods become a part of her routine normal life. Most women are well-equipped to handle it without their normal life (personal or professional) getting affected. They know it is “that time of the month” and are prepared mentally and physically. However, some women find it difficult to do it, as they could be suffering from menstrual problems including irregular periods and uterine bleeding. Most often, the bleeding is abnormal and dysfunctional, when most women are not able to identify a set pattern to it.
The list below identifies the most common forms of abnormal or dysfunctional uterine bleeding:
- A normal menstrual cycle occurs with a gap of anywhere from 21 to 35 days. Anything shorter than 21 days or longer than 35 days is defined as irregular period
- Complete lack of period for up to 3 to 5 months is termed as amenorrhea
- Bleeding that is heavier or lasts longer than usual, and occurs before the due date for that month’s period
- Scanty bleeding between periods
- Spotting or bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Spotting or bleeding even after menopause
Causes: The most common causes of abnormal uterine bleeding are as follows:
- Hormonal imbalances can cause absence of period, increased frequency and amount of bleeding
- Miscarriage, bleeding is often the first sign of miscarriage
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Cervical or uterine infections
- Uterine fibroids
- Cancers of the reproductive tract
- Polycystic ovaries
- Endometrial hyperplasia
- Problems with blood clotting
Diagnosis: Menstrual problems are very common; however, most women tend to shy away from talking about it and do not come out in the open. When talking to a doctor, a detailed family history, menstrual history, and physical examination are done to come to a diagnosis. Additional diagnosis can also be done by ultrasound, hysteroscopy, endometrial biopsy.
Treatment: Identifying the problem helps in initiating the right treatment. A combination of the below is usually used in most women.
- Hormonal therapy is based on the underlying condition, and the type and dosage is determined based on it. It could be in the form of tablets, injections, vaginal applications, or released through an intrauterine device.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen are useful in reducing bleeding and controlling cramps during excessive menstrual bleeding.
- Antibiotics may be useful if there is infection of the pelvic organs
- Polyps, cysts, and cancers can be removed surgically and cancer should be ruled out
- Endometrial ablation where the endometrial tissue is treated with heat can be used to control bleeding permanently.
- Hysterectomy is the last resort where other forms of treatment fail.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
Bacterial Vaginosis is a vaginal disorder, which is caused due to a bacterial infection, and is characterized by abnormal vaginal discharges and foul vaginal odor. This is a mild disorder, which persists for only a few days and it happens when the bad vaginal bacteria outnumber the good vaginal bacteria.
The common risk factors of Bacterial Vaginosis are:
- Multiple sex partners: If a woman has multiple sex partners or has intercourse with a new sex partner, she may be at a higher risk of contracting the disease. This happens because frequent intercourses disrupt the balance between the good and bad vaginal bacteria.
- Lack of good bacteria: Lactobacilli bacteria is a type of good bacteria that helps to maintain an overall acidity (pH) balance of the vaginal environment. This type of bacteria is produced by the vagina itself. Thus, if there is a lack of this type of bacteria, the risk of getting bacterial vaginosis will increase tremendously.
- Douching: Douching refers to the activity of externalized cleaning of the vagina by rinsing it with water or some cleansing agent. The vagina is a self-regulatory organ, which can keep itself clean and there is no need to use external measures to clean the vagina.
- Smoking: It is a proven fact that smoking also leads to bacterial vaginosis. Smoking tends to add external harmful agents to your body, which indirectly affect the vagina by forcefully altering its acidity (pH) balance.
- Unprotected intercourse: Many times, sexual intercourse without a condom also leads to the disease. Under such a situation, the vagina comes in close and constant contact with external body parts of the partner and, thus, leads to the transmission of bacteria. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
The main aim of Prenatal Care is to provide regular check-ups that allow a doctor to treat and prevent potential health problems throughout the course of the pregnancy.
Poor sex education and awareness can lead to pregnancy in the teenage years, which continues to be a problem that affects almost all countries. In fact, USA is the leader in teen pregnancy with most cases. As per records, about 35% of the girls get pregnant at least once before they reach 20 years of age.
This is a problem for the mother and for the child and is a social menace. Read on to understand a little more on how it affects both.
How it affects the mother?
- Teenage pregnancy is a result of negligence and poor awareness in most cases. The chances of habits like smoking, alcohol abuse and drug abuse are quite high in these mothers, which have adverse effects on the fetus during pregnancy. This also means their responsibility in terms of sufficient prenatal care, nutrition, and overall care for themselves and the child would not be optimal.
- Higher rates of maternal death: If girls who are less than 15 years of age get pregnant, the death rate is quite high. In addition, there is also poor weight gain, anemia, pregnancy-induced hypertension, STDs (sexually transmitted diseases). All these can have an effect on the child including low birth weight, vital organ malformations, congenital disorders, respiratory distress, and very high levels of infant mortality.
- With the added responsibility of the child, the chances that the teenager would go to school after childbirth and complete education and look into employment are also reduced drastically.
- Very often, teenage mothers also tend to remain single, as the child is usually born out-of-wedlock and is a result of negligence.
- The chances of having children later in life is also reduced, given all the changes that she goes through early on in life.
How it affects the child?
- As a corollary to the effects on the mother, the first effects include low birth weight, malformation of vital organs, inadequate healthcare, and even very high rates of infant mortality in the first year of life.
- Other medical conditions like chronic respiratory problems, mental retardation, cerebral palsy, and blindness are very common.
- There could also be developmental issues like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, dyslexia, and other
- Given the social circumstances in which they are born, they are more exposed to early motherhood, single parenthood, broken marriages. This affects the regular parenting care that they receive resulting in improper nutrition and healthcare.
- Again, the poor social set-up also does not ensure sufficient education opportunities for the child. They may also get into child labor and become easy prey to neglect and abuse.
- The chances of girls born to teenage mothers themselves becoming teenage mothers is also quite high, leading to a vicious cycle.
Most countries are trying to fight this social menace by involving families, schools, and healthcare professionals, and running social campaigns and programs. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.
Every woman has a unique system, especially when it comes to matters like menstrual cycles and pregnancy. There are some women who go through normal bleeding while for others, it may be less than ideal. Also, there are women who may experience a condition known as Menorrhagia which is characterised by excessively heavy bleeding during menstrual cycles. Cramping and bleeding for longer than a week are the most common symptoms of this condition. Here are ways to treat this condition.
- Basis of Treatment: The main cause will dictate the basis of treatment for this condition. Your overall medical history and state of health will be taken into account along with the future of your childbearing plans. The gynaecologist will also study the effect of this condition on your lifestyle and examine your tolerance towards certain supplements and medicines.
- Medication: The doctor may prescribe iron supplements in case of anaemia due to the condition. Further, non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs like naproxen and ibuprofen may be prescribed too. Oral contraceptives and progesterone are also helpful in such cases while Tranexamic acid can reduce the excessive blood loss. The doctor may also insert an intrauterine device to release levonorgestrel to make the uterine lining thin.
- Dilation and Curettage: The doctor will dilate or open up your cervix in this procedure to suction away tissue from the uterine lining. One may need additional sessions if the condition recurs.
- Focused Ultrasound Ablation: This procedure aims at treating the excessive bleeding by shrinking the fibroids that may be causing the same. This is also similar to a procedure known as uterine artery embolisation which blocks the uterine arteries in order to shrink these fibroids.
- Myomectomy: In this procedure, the doctor will surgically extract those fibroids which are causing the excessive bleeding during menstrual cycles. The procedure is conducted either through laparoscopy or incisions in the vagina and cervix, depending on the size, location and number of fibroids.
- Endometrial Ablation: Using this procedure, the doctor will permanently do away with the lining of the uterus, which is also known as the endometrium. This will be done by inserting an electrosurgical wire loop to remove the lining. Pregnancy is usually not recommended after this surgery.
- Hysterectomy: This is a surgical procedure that is recommended for very severe cases. In this procedure, the doctor will surgically remove the uterus as well as the cervix. This is a permanent procedure that will put an end to the menstrual periods altogether. The procedure will be conducted by administering anaesthesia first, and will require hospitalisation as well. The doctor may also remove the ovaries of the patient with this procedure for premature menopause. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
Thyroid disease is a condition that affects the thyroid gland, a small, wing shaped gland that secretes the thyroid hormone. The thyroid is controlled by the pituitary gland and its proper functioning. These thyroid hormones are responsible for the metabolism of the body and a slight tweak in the levels can also lead to the onset of thyroid diseases like hyperthyroidism (excessive production of the thyroid hormone) or hypothyroidism (inadequate production of the thyroid hormone), as well as other conditions. The thyroid hormone has a crucial role to play as far as pregnancy is concerned. Let us find out how.
- Estrogen and hCG: There are two distinct hormones that are related to pregnancy, the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and estrogen. These hormones can cause an increase in the thyroid hormone levels that are contained in one's blood. The hCG is usually created by the placenta and is quite similar to the TSH or thyroid hormone. The hCG is known to mildly stimulate the thyroid gland, which causes greater production of the thyroid hormone. Also, once the estrogen in the body increases, it can lead to higher levels of globulin, which is a thyroid binding substance. This is a protein that takes the thyroid hormone to the blood and is also known as thyroxine binding globulin. When these hormones change on a less than normal basis, it can lead to difficulties in the thyroid reading during pregnancy.
- Nervous System: The thyroid gland is known to be especially important for the development of the baby's brain and nervous system. In fact, the thyroid hormone supplied by the mother in the first trimester will have a direct bearing on the development and growth of the foetus. This thyroid hormone travels through the mother's placenta. Once the first trimester has been completed, the baby will start to produce its own thyroid hormone.
- Enlarged Thyroid during Pregnancy: While the thyroid does enlarge slightly during one's pregnancy, it cannot really be detected merely with a physical examination. While a noticeable enlarged thyroid may point at the advent of thyroid disease, it will need to be properly evaluated as these problems are difficult to diagnose during pregnancy. This is due to the high levels of thyroid in the bloodstream during pregnancy, as well as an increase in fatigue and the other symptoms that are most commonly associated with thyroid disease.
- Hyperthyroidism in Pregnancy: This condition during pregnancy can cause congestive heart failure as well as the risk of preeclampsia, which can cause the rise of blood pressure during pregnancy.
- Hypothyroidism in Pregnancy: This can cause anaemia due to a low count of red blood cells which prevents proper oxygen supply for the baby. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.