Cysts Removal Procedure
Treatment of Tonsils (Tonsillitis)
Hearing Aid Fitting
Treatment of Throat and Voice Problems
Earlobe Repair Procedure
Treatment of Sleep Disturbance
Nose Reshaping Procedure
Hearing Testing Techniques
Nasal And Sinus Allergy Care
Cochlear Implant Procedure
Ear Micro Surgery
Treatment Of Hearing Deficiency
Facial Cosmetic Surgery
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Patient Review Highlights
Hearing is one of the five senses that you or anyone else relies on for communication and a whole host of other things. Among the five senses, touch, smell, taste, hearing and sight, it is often hearing which is the most easily affected. You don't have to be a senior citizen to experience hearing loss as it is quite common among younger people as well. This problem is also getting more widespread with each passing day.
Ageing is not the only factor that brings hearing impairment. The causes are many. Certain medications, continuous exposure to loud noise, genetic involvement, injury and some medical conditions may cause hearing loss.
But if you think that you are facing hearing issues, then these symptoms should raise an alarm for you to see an ENT specialist:
- You find it hard to hear phone conversations: Do you find yourself asking the person on the other end of the phone line to 'repeat' themselves, or find yourself pressing the phone instrument right into your ear? If you are trying so hard to hear, you might find yourself missing out on bits of the conversation as focussing to clearly hear the conversation is exhausting work. Getting a hearing test might be a good option if this sounds like you.
- Your TV is blaring: Do you often find people around you shouting above the TV sound complaining that it's too loud? When you find it hard to hear the TV at the average volume and find yourself turning up the sound, this could signify a hearing loss. Doctors are seeing a growing number of patients visiting them after prolonged exposure to loud music and sounds.
- You have trouble hearing in noisy environments: When you are out dining with friends or family at a busy restaurant or accompanying a friend shopping in a busy street, all that background noise makes it difficult to hear what the people are saying. People with hearing loss often have problems masking out background noise.
- You find yourself leaning closer to people to follow the conversation or staring at their lips trying to lip-read what's being said.
- Family members telling 'you're going deaf'?: Trust the views of the people closest to you, they never lie about your health. Family members often are the first to sense signs of hearing loss as they find themselves repeating things to you or calling out louder to get your 'attention'.
Options to deal with hearing loss:
Some of the options to deal with hearing loss are mentioned below.
- Once diagnosed with hearing problems, change your ways of communication - If you or your loved ones have been diagnosed with hearing problems, it is important that both adjust your ways to deal with the problem. Rather than getting angry at the other for not being able to communicate effectively, develop and strategize ways to make communication less problematic and erratic.
- Cochlear implants - This is a newer technology which has become rapidly popular in the past decade or so. These are directly implanted into the inner ear and are designed to bypass the damaged areas of the ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve. These have become very popular, although, are not a replacement of natural hearing. It is only prescribed for people who have severe hearing loss or are deaf.
- Hearing aids - Although selecting a hearing aid is difficult as the patient needs to be comfortable, once it is completed, is one of the best solutions for the hearing impaired. The functionality of these devices can be extended with the hearing assistive technology or HAT devices that can focus the audio waves depending on the situations and give a more tailored approach for every individual's needs.
Prevention and treatment
Treatment: It is difficult to treat hearing loss as in most cases; it may be permanent, except sudden shocks, when your hearing might come back to normal. The only treatments for hearing loss are hearing aids or cochlear implants which can restore hearing partially.
Prevention: Prevention is the best method to avoid hearing loss and in most cases, you should wear ear protection such as mufflers or sound level reduction devices to protect your hearing. Also, practice listening to music, watching TV or movies at lower levels, especially if you are on the headphones. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.
I have tonsillolith (tonsil stone). They are like white in my throat, I felt like something is stuck. What should I do? Is this a serious issue. I have sinus also.
In my ears no wax is formed and they seem to dry and itchy and when itched some water like substance wets the ear. please help.
I was having a problem of buzzing sound in the ears. I visited an ENT, after examining he took out wax from my left ear and I felt good and sound had gone. He tried to take out from right ear also but un successful, asked me to try out a medicine Betavert and wax off for 5 days and come back for removal of wax. My issue is that this is going on for past five yrs. Is there an solution for excess wax formation as this is becoming a mental problem. Please suggest. Thanks.
BPPV or Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a major cause of vertigo. This is a condition that gives a sensation of head spin all of a sudden. It also results in dizziness in brief episodes. The severity level can vary from intense to mild. BPPV is triggered with certain changes of the head position. Although BPPV is bothersome, it isn’t serious unless there is a chance of a person falling abruptly because of the head spin. There are ample treatment options available to address this problem.
Symptoms of BPPV
BPPV includes some of the following symptoms:
a. Loss of balance
c. Feeling of the surrounding spinning
d. Vomiting and nausea
e. Rhythmic movement of the eye
When to seek medical attention?
If dizziness is accompanied with one of the below-mentioned symptoms, it is time to urgently seek medical attention and get vertigo addressed for good:
- Hear loss
- Tingling or numbness
- Fever accompanies with severe headache
- Arm or leg weakness
- Problems with vision
- Difficulty in walking
- Becoming unconscious
Causes of BPPV:
If there is on known cause associated with BPPV, the condition is termed as idiopathic BPPV. In most of the cases, though, BPPV is associated with a severe to minor blow to the head. Other causes include an injury to the inner ear, prolonged sitting position in a fixed posture, even migraine pain is at times associated with BPPV.
What are the risk factors?
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is likely to occur in the age group of 50 and above, this being said it can happen at any age in case of any injuries. Statistically, it is found that the likelihood of BPPV is more in women than men. Head injury of any sort is by far the most likely reason of BPPV.
What are the tests and diagnosis involved?
A doctor is likely to perform a physical examination followed by a series of tests. Some typical signs that a doctor looks for include the following:
Ability to control eye movement- especially side to side movement
Symptoms of dizziness
In case it is difficult to spot the symptoms, a doctor might suggest video- nystagmography or electronystagmography. It helps to track irregular eye movement. An MRI can also be prescribed to study the cross-sectional images of the body and the head.
Treatments associated with BPPV:
BPPV mostly go away within months or weeks on its own. If however, it still persists, a doctor can suggest Canalith Repositioning- series of small movements that helps to counter BPPV. For extreme cases, a doctor might advise a surgery for blocking the portion of the inner ear that might be causing the problem. It guarantees close to a 100 percent fix to BPPV. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ENT specialist.
Sinusitis refers to a common condition characterised by inflammation and swelling of cavities surrounding nasal passages, commonly known as your sinuses. When something interferes with the flow of air into the sinuses and obstructs mucus drainage out of it, sinus infection or sinusitis mainly occurs.
The most common symptoms of this condition include headache or pain in the facial region, nasal congestion and discharge, loss of smell and fever in some cases. To ensure that you opt for the correct treatment it is necessary to identify the causes of blockage. Here are the chief causes responsible for giving you a sinus infection.
In most cases, a sinus infection is triggered by common cold and flu, which are caused by viruses. Swelling of nasal tissues occurs due to cold, in turn creating a blockage for the holes that are meant for draining mucous. In this case, rather than opting for antibiotics, take precautions against flu and cold. You can even consider getting a flu shot.
Certain pollutants and allergens or deviation of septum can be the cause behind sinus infections as they trigger coughing, irritation of the nose and inflammation. Some of these pollutants are dust, smoke and harmful gases present in the air or substances with a strong odour (certain foods, flowers, perfumes etc). To minimize chances of sinusitis, try to stay away from these irritants to the maximum extent possible. Moreover, you can also use an air purifier to reduce the effects of air pollution.
3. Long term use of nasal decongestant sprays
Nasal decongestant sprays may help you get rid of congestion, but on the other hand they are responsible for the constriction of the blood vessels present in your nose. Moreover, if used for a long time, these nasal products may worsen the symptoms of sinusitis, especially if the directions for use are not correctly followed. Also, prolonged use of the sprays can give rise to rebound nasal congestion, which is basically a relapse of congestion. So, try to minimise the use of it and follow directions very carefully if you do need to use it.
Smoke from cigarettes has an effect similar to pollutants on your nose. Cigarette smoke plays a significant role in degrading the natural sinus-cleaning system of your body resulting in more gunk build up in the sinuses, in turn clogging nasal passages. Moreover, smoking also leads to inflammation, triggering sinus infections. So, try to cut down on your smoking if not quit altogether. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ent Specialist.
An estimated of 10 percent or more children snore for more than 1 night. Snoring results from the obstruction of breath when the air makes its way through the mouth. The air passage of the throat through which the air goes in and out causes the tissue to vibrate causing snore. The sound of the snore totally depends on the amount of air passing through the mouth and the frequency at which the throat is vibrating. Children above the age of three years tend to snore when they are deep in sleep.
Primary and secondary snoring:
Children who are otherwise healthy should not have a snoring problem unless there is some health disorder. However, if loud snoring is observed in otherwise a perfectly healthy kid, seeking medical help is a wise thing to do. In general, primary snoring is defined as a condition which is not associated with other sleep-related disorders such as lung disorder, OASS, inability to sleep for a longer duration etc.
It is estimated that close to three percent of the children suffers from breathing problem while sleeping. OSAS is a condition which is characterised by pauses in breathing and gasps along with loud snores. There could be instances where a kids’ muscle relaxes way too much obstructing the air to pass through. The body and the brain are both alerted at this stage. As soon as the brain sends a signal, the body wakes up. Thus, most kids suffering from this disorder are not able to sleep well and tend to feel tired throughout the day.
Common causes of sleep apnea:
Sleep apena is a major cause of snoring. It can be caused because of allergies, obesity, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) etc. In children sleep, apnea can also be caused by tonsil. Since the tonsil size of children less than 7 years of age tends to be bigger than adult individuals, it causes snoring related problem. Swollen tonsils not only obstruct air but creates other health related problems as well.
Symptoms of sleep apnea during the day and night:
- Loud snore
- Snorts, gasps, pauses during sleep
- Heavy sweat during sleep
- Social and behavioural problems
- Failure to get up in the morning
- A nasal voice
- Easily irritated, cranky and aggressive
The first thing a that a doctor does is a physical exam followed by observing the symptoms of a kid. Primary snorting can be addressed by physical exercise, counselling and breathing exercise. Problems related to apnea are addressed through medicine, counselling, and exercise. Certain dietary restrictions also needed to be followed during this time. However, apena is completely treatable within a certain time frame.
I am suffering from dry cough since 1 week. My throat remains dry and little fluid comes out while coughing. But no runny nose. Roughness in my throat. Feeling very tired due to coughing.
Why is nasal septoplasty surgery performed?
Many people have a deviated septum, and it often causes no noticeable issues. However, if your septum is severely deviated, it can block one side of your nose and reduce airflow. You may have trouble breathing through one or both sides of your nose, and you may also develop other issues such as snoring, sleep apnea, an impaired sense of smell or taste, or frequent sinus infections –as a result.
In addition, you may also experience crusting or bleeding due to the additional exposure of a deviated septum to the drying effect of airflow through the nose.
Septoplasty straightens the nasal septum by trimming, repositioning, and replacing cartilage, bone, or both. It’s done entirely through the nostrils, so no skin on the outside of your nose is cut.
The goals of nasal airway surgery include the following:
- Improve airflow through the nose
- Control nosebleeds
- Enhance visualization of the inside of the nose (to identify other nasal problems)
- Relieve nasal or sinus headaches associated with swelling of the inside of the nose
- Promote drainage of the sinus cavities
Who is a candidate for septoplasty?
If a deviated septum is severe, it can block one side of the nose, impeding the flow of air through one or both nasal passages. For some people, it can cause problems such as snoring, frequent sinus infections, snoring, sleep apnea, and respiratory complaints.
Usually medications such as decongestants and antihistamines can be used in an effort to alleviate symptoms. But in some cases, they can cause troubling side effects such as elevated blood pressure (decongestants) and drowsiness (antihistamines). They also may not provide enough relief. If your symptoms are significantly affecting your life, you should consider a septoplasty surgery in order to achieve long-lasting relief.
What is involved in nasal septoplasty surgery?
Before planning the surgery, your doctor will discuss your medical history with you, as well as any medications you may take. A physical examination will be conducted, and your doctor may use an endoscope (a thin, lighted instrument) to examine your septum. You’ll also be able to learn about your expected results if surgery is a recommended option.
Septoplasty requires local or general anesthesia, depending on the surgeon’s preference and the complexity of the surgery. It usually lasts about 60 to 90 minutes and is often performed in an outpatient surgery center.
To repair the septum, the surgeon works through the nostrils rather than from the outside of the nose. An incision is made to separate the mucosa (a soft layer of tissue that lines the septum and nasal passages) from the underlying cartilage and bone. The doctor trims or straightens the bent cartilage and then replaces the mucosa over the cartilage and bone.
The incision is closed with an absorbable suture, and soft splints and a bandage-like material may be used to support the septum and prevent bleeding. After a recovery period, you’ll likely be able to go home the same day.
What are the benefits of nasal septoplasty surgery?
The benefits of this type of surgery include:
- Improved breathing: Overall breathing function is greatly improved since the nasal passages are opened up
- Better sleep quality: Reshaping a crooked septum not only improves airflow while you’re awake, but also reduces or eliminates snoring and/or sleep apnea and improves the overall quality of your sleep.
- Fewer sinus infections: Opening the airways can allow mucus to drain normally from sinuses that were previously narrowed or partially blocked.
- Improved senses: For patients that previously had an impaired sense of smell or taste due to the effects of a deviated septum, this surgery may improve both senses
What are risks and complications of deviated septum surgery (septoplasty) or turbinectomy?
Some people will need a second surgery if they’re unsatisfied with the results. Other risks associated with a septoplasty are rare, but they can include:
- Perforation of your septum, which happens when a hole forms in your septum
- An altered nose shape
- Discoloration of the nose
- Decreased sense of smell
Excessive bleeding and infection are possible risks of any surgery. Keeping your nose clean and washing your hands frequently can reduce these risks.
Nose Surgery and Septal Perforations!
Overall, a septoplasty is considered a safe procedure. Although it is commonly performed, it is also a very delicate surgery, which requires numerous skills. Occasionally, a septoplasty procedure can result in a complication and, in rare instances, cause a septal perforation. It is important to note that a septal perforation is generally more likely to occur in the case of a revision surgery (a secondary septoplasty) or when a patient suffers from a severe deviated septum.
If a septal perforation does occur after surgery, it is important to have it evaluated and treated. If left untreated, a septal perforation can worsen and become more complicated to repair. A variety of treatments are available, depending on the location, size, and severity of the septal perforation. Minor septal perforations may respond to therapeutic treatments, such as emollients, and may not need to be repaired. Some surgeons may recommend plugging the perforation with a silicone prosthesis called a septal button. However, these buttons can irritate the lining around the perforation, leading to further complications and, for that reason, are not recommended by Drs. Solieman and Litner. For more complicated cases, surgery may be necessary to close the perforation.
Although a septal perforation can be the result of complications from nose surgery, such as a septoplasty, the overall risk of developing one is low. If your doctor determines that your septal perforation needs repair, it is better to address it than not have it treated. The risk of inaction can outweigh the risk of treatment. However, be sure to see a surgeon who has a track record of successfully treating patients with septal perforations.
If you suspect you have septal perforation or have already been diagnosed with one, it is best to have your nose fully evaluated and treated by surgeons with expertise in septal perforation repair. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an ENT specialist.
My nose bone is tilted from inside or we can its the case of blocked nose. I have proffered one doctor and he was telling this reason to me. Most of the time my one nose is blocked either it is the left one or the right one. He was telling me that the cure for this is the surgery. I am asking your opinion for the treatment and the surgery. But he was also saying that the surgery of this is not successful at all times.
I am 24 years old male. I had cold which was accompanied by hearing loss and pain in left ear. After having a course of amoxicillin and potassium clanuvate antibiotics, my pain was relieved but there is no improvement in hearing. Now I hardly hear anything from that ear. It has been 5 days since I heard from that ear. Can anybody please help. I am a smoker.
Pblm in ear I cannot pop up properly and air blockage, pressure and pain and ringing occurs in ears. Mri and ct shown nothing but having so much tightness and ear pain of pressure. Some gule liquid type mixture in ears occurs .Can it be nerve tightness of ear. please prescribe me some medicine so it will helpful for me.
Hello doctor my mother having sinus problem. So she cannot able to cook the masala smell creates sneeze and running nose. What is the best remedy?
Just like there are exercises to lose weight, there are simple exercises, which you can do to stop your snoring completely. Snoring is a common condition and it generally takes place more in men than women. It mostly affects individuals who are overweight and the condition gets worsened with age. Though it is not a serious condition, it has to be dealt as it affects the sleep of your sleeping partner. The main cause of snoring is an improper flow of air through the mouth or nose.
The airflow to the nose is obstructed by factors like:
- Genetic factors
- Sinus Infection
How to Prevent Snoring:
It is very essential that prior attention is given to this condition before it turns out to be a serious problem. The self help tips that can be used by individuals to stop snoring include proper exercising, losing weight, quitting smoking and not drinking alcohol as well as setting up an ideal sleeping pattern. There are devices available in the pharmaceutical stores like the mouth guard device which are specially designed to help stop snoring. There are medications also available that help to stop snoring and have good quality sleep.
Amazing and Simple Exercises to Stop Snoring:
You can cure your snoring problem easily by practicing vocal exercises without the need of even going through a painful and expensive surgery.
- Singing: Singing is an excellent exercise that is very good for your vocal passage and that can cure the snoring problem. It is best that you start singing in a warm shower and the moist steam of the warm water would soothe your throat. The benefit of singing is that it tightens the muscles and it is an excellent and natural way that would cure your sleeping problem. You can practice singing at least 20 minutes in a day, and you would surely experience the difference.
- Yawning: The second simple exercise that can be done to stop snoring is yawning, which involves opening and closing of your mouth. The exercise done in a yawning motion would strengthen both the inner and outer neck muscles. It is very necessary that the mouth is opened widely, and this activity can be done anytime of the day.
- Chewing: The third exercise that is helpful to get relief from sleep disorders is chewing. You can fix your throat by chewing the tip of a pencil. You don't have to bite the pencil, and you just need to fix your throat muscles to make certain that your airway is clear. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.