Infertility in women is a condition where the women is not able to conceive or have a baby due to numerous reasons like lack of ovulation, cyst or tumour in the ovaries or uterus and other similar issues. Common symptoms here include inability to conceive, lack of regular periods or ovulation, heavy or very little bleeding.
HOW IS INFERTILITY DIAGNOSED?
Tests for male infertility attempt to determine whether any of these processes are impaired. Specific fertility tests may include:
• Semen analysis.
• Hormone testing. .
• Genetic testing.
• Testicular biopsy.
• Other specialty testing.
Fertility for women relies on the ovaries releasing healthy eggs. Specific fertility tests may include:
• Ovulation testing.
• Ovarian reserve testing.
• Other hormone testing.
• Imaging tests.
HOW IS INFERTILITY TREATED?
Treatment again depends acutely on the diagnosis. Medications to regulate and induce periods are given. Similarly laser surgery is available to remove cysts and other minor tumours. In some cases, artificial insemination is also suggested.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some cases Infertility may also be a result of stress or obesity
Being a newly married couple that dreams of starting a new family, have you been having difficulties in trying to conceive in the last six months to one year? Either of you may then be suffering from infertility, or the inability to reproduce naturally. Infertility due to the woman or the man is usually of an equal percentage.
In women, this infertility may be seen due to blocked Fallopian tubes, problems in ovulation, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), uterine problems, stress, age-related factors, poor diet, etc. Male infertility may be due to low quality of semen count. This may be because of usage of drugs, alcohol, radiation or endocrine problems.
The doctor will have to first run several tests to diagnose the infertility. He would look into the detailed case histories of both of you and then run tests such as sperm studies, ovulation tests, ultrasound, and laparoscopy.
This is however not the end of the road for couples like you, for nowadays there are several methods you can look into for conception. Medicine, surgery, artificial insemination, or assisted reproductive technology, are some of the options available according to your test results and other factors such as the woman’s age. Each method would be explained to you along with all its risk factors. A lot of counseling happens at this crucial stage for the preferred choice of treatment.
Here are a few different ways of achieving conception:
• Intrauterine insemination (IUI): This is an artificial insemination method in which specially picked sperm is inserted into the woman’s uterus. Ovulation is often stimulated before the insemination. This method is adopted when the cause for infertility is unknown or when there is a mild factor of male infertility.
• In vitro fertilization (IVF): This is an assisted reproductive technology (ART), in which the eggs of the woman is surgically removed and combined with the sperm in a laboratory. This is then returned to the woman’s body or given to another willing woman. Though this procedure is time consuming and expensive, it has helped hundreds of couples to conceive. Babies born out of this procedure are often referred to as ‘test tube babies’.
• Surrogacy: When a woman has no eggs or few eggs, another healthy woman’s eggs and the husband’s sperm are fertilized together. The other woman then carries the baby to term according to agreement. A child born out of surrogacy would be genetically related to the husband and the surrogate.
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