Physical Therapy or physiotherapy is a specialty that chiefly deals with the diagnosis, management and treatment of physical injuries, deformities or diseases of the body by employing physical methods, including heat treatment and exercise. It can be sub-categorized into various smaller sub- specialties such as wound care, sports, cardiopulmonary problems and EMG. It can also be used in conjunction with various other specialties, including neurology, orthopedics and pediatrics to aid the healing process. It promotes more active and healthy lifestyles by providing services that aid in the development, maintenance and restoration of movement to the maximum possible extent. It chiefly facilitates proper functionality of body parts, allowing you complete overall well-being. Therapeutic intervention is especially required in cases involving injuries, pre-existing disorders and diseases that disable proper movement and functioning of body parts. However, physiotherapy can only do so much - at the centre of complete healing lies intensive self-involvement. This will be facilitated by the physiotherapist, by providing you the proper awareness and education required to quicken the process of treatment.
Physiotherapy goes a long way in the diagnosis and complete treatment of various disorders, which include, but are not restricted to, spondylosis, sports injuries, tennis elbows, fractures of the wrist, tendonitis and ankle, thumb or neck sprains. It is also beneficial in the treatment of chronic conditions such as asthma and in other cases such as preparation for childbirth, sporting events or some sudden injury.
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A specialist who uses physical manipulations to diagnose and heal an injury, disease or otherwise is known as a physiotherapist.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT PHYSIOTHERAPIST?
A physiotherapist can come to the aid of a person who has had an injury or accident.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF PHYSIOTHERAPIST?
A physiotherapist can aid in the recovery from an injury, pain or muscular stiffness.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE PHYSIOTHERAPIST FOR
A physiotherapist is often consulted when a patient suffers from a neurological disorder. Although physical therapy doesn't cure the disorder, it does lead to a healthier living.
DID YOU KNOW?
The profession of physiotherapy became more prominent during and after the wars due to the huge number of injured soldiers.
Can Physiotherapy Help Lower Back Pain?
Low back pain is one of the most common medical problems and it occurs due to injury associated with the nerves, bones, and muscles of the back. The pain can vary from a sharp shooting pain that happens at various intervals to a gnawing pain that can last for weeks on end. While the former can go away with some muscle relaxant, the latter may need a combination of medications and exercise. Common reasons include improper sleeping posture, lifting, fracture, lack of exercise, disk injuries, arthritis, and many more. Most of these instances would lead to medium to long term pain that will not subside on its own and for long Physiotherapy has proven to provide good relief. The aim of physiotherapy is to reduce pain, improve movement, and maintain the spinal function in the long run. Most often, the therapy sessions would last for about 4 weeks when the regular course of medications have not helped much. Nerves, muscles, bones, and disks of the lower back are supported by the abdominal and back muscles. The intent of the exercise is to strengthen these two sets of muscles so that the spine/lower back per se is not very susceptible to injury. The exercises would be a combination of stretching followed by strengthening and conditioning, all aimed at these two sets of muscles. Some common exercises include bottom to heels stretch, knee rolls, back extensions, deep abdominal strengthening, and pelvic tilts. In addition to being used as a sole mean of treatment, physiotherapy is also used in back pain to treat severe cases both pre and post surgically. What is corrected by surgery needs to be enhanced by the regular exercises as prescribed by the doctor. One disclaimer that a doctor might want to give is that physiotherapy may not be beneficial if exercises are not done properly or if the patients do not adhere to the scheduled prescription. The long term success depends not just on getting the relief, but on following the maintenance exercises as prescribed. This is more important and helps avoid relapse of the back pain. A good posture and improved core stability with ongoing exercises is the key to success of physiotherapy in low back pain. While most people consider low back pain as a chronic condition, it can be managed effectively. It is important to realize that there is no overnight cure and that it may not get better on its own. Physiotherapy is a very good intervention; however, it will depend on the severity of pain and how it affects the patient's lifestyle.