Infertility means not being able to become pregnant, within certain parameters. It is a common problem of about 10% of women aged 15 to 44. It can be due to the woman (33%), the man (33%) and by both sexes or due to unknown problems (33%), approximately. Infertility in men can be due to varicocele, low or absent sperm count, sperm damage or certain diseases. Sometimes, an infertile woman may have irregular or absent menstrual periods. Rarely, an infertile man may have some signs of hormonal problems, such as changes in hair growth or sexual function.
HOW IS INFERTILITY DIAGNOSED?
Infertility in men can be diagnosed by semen analysis and hormone testing. In addition to hormone testing female patients might need to undergo ovulation testing and a specialized test called hysterosalpingography which helps to checks the condition of the uterus and checks for blockages in the fallopian tubes.
HOW IS INFERTILITY TREATED?
Treatment majorly depends on the cause and may include counselling, fertility treatments which may include in vitro fertilization. Infertility treatments may differ for men and women.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some cases Infertility may also be a result of stress or obesity
Infertility is a serious health problem common to both female and men alike, which means that a couple is unable to conceive after 1 year of continuous unprotected sex without the use of any contraceptive medicines. In medical terms, infertility refers to the condition when a male is unable to contribute to the conception. In female the term infertility refers to the inability to get pregnant. Majority of the cases of infertility can be treated and you should seek an appointment with your doctor in case you are unable to conceive. A test tube baby is generally referred to a case where your child is born outside the female body. Test tube baby is born when the female fallopian tube is highly damaged or ineffective or the sperm count in male reproductive organ is of poor count.
There are some methods used by doctors worldwide for the treatment of infertility. Those are:
1. IUI- It is called as intrauterine insemination procedure and in iui procedure related cases a concentrated and processed sperm is made to directly get injected into female uterus. You can get this process done according to the time of female ovulation and it is done around three times within those days. The women’s egg picks the sperm in the fallopian tube and due to the fact that higher and enhanced quality concentration of sperm is placed near the egg, the chances for both of you to meet are also increased. The iui procedure is an effective treatment for women under the age of 41 to conceive a child and you should immediately consult your doctor to know more about the feasibility of the treatment.
2. IVF- It is termed as In vitro fertilization or a test tube baby and is the most common form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) you will ever come across. It has resulted in more than 5 million births. In IVF test tube baby procedure the egg is fertilized outside the body in a laboratory and then implanted at the woman’s uterus. There are multiple eggs and stimulated follicles that are developed followed by embryo transfer to the uterus. IVF procedure leads to thousands of recorded births every year. Three things are necessary for test tube baby or IVF procedure related fertility cases: 1. Age of the woman. 2. The cause of infertility and 3. The infrastructure and quality of IVF procedure and laboratory.
Another method to conceive is frozen embryo transfer or fet. FET is the process cycle in fertility cases in which the frozen embryo’s from previously fresh IVF procedure or related donor’s egg are implanted back to the women uterus.
Sperm donation is a technique in which a male donates his sperm for the purpose of being inseminated into a female. It is not required for the female to be your sexually active partner. It’s a type of third party reproductive technique and sperm donor plays an active role in ART. However the sperm donor may be biologically regarded as the father of the child produced from his donation. This is a popular method to conceive a child.
Surrogacy is also used to conceive a child in the form of third party reproduction and refers to the case when a woman carries and gives birth to your baby. Surrogacy can be full or partial surrogacy and depends upon your medical condition. Surrogacy has very complicated legal conditions and it is advised that you seek advice from your lawyer before taking any decisions.
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