Viral Myocarditis is a disease marked by inflammation of the heart muscles and this heart muscle is known as the myocardium, which is the muscular layer of the heart wall. Viral Myocarditis is mostly caused by viral, bacterial, or fungal infections that make their way to the heart. Viral Myocarditis can affect anyone, occur at any age and often proceeds without displaying many symptoms. Some of the common signs of Viral Myocarditis include shortness of breath, fatigue, achy feeling in the chest and joint pain.
HOW IS VIRAL MYOCARDITIS DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose myocarditis, the doctor may conduct a physical examination, and discuss medical history and any signs or symptoms. Other tests that may be suggested are:
• Electrocardiogram (ECG).
• Chest X-ray.
• Blood tests.
• Cardiac catheterization and endomyocardial biopsy.
HOW IS VIRAL MYOCARDITIS TREATED?
The medications include:
1. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
2. Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
3. Beta blockers
In severe cases, aggressive treatment as below is given:
1. Intravenous (IV) medications.
2. Ventricular assist devices
3. Intra-aortic balloon pump
4. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
DID YOU KNOW?
This is a problem that has a very low recurrence rate and is not associated with any kind of genetical issues or problems.