Vesicoureteral reflux is the abnormal flow of urine from your bladder back up the tubes (ureters) that connect your kidneys to your bladder. Normally, urine flows only down from your kidneys to your bladder. Vesicoureteral reflux can be primary or secondary. Children with primary vesicoureteral reflux are born with a defect in the valve that normally prevents urine from flowing backward from the bladder into the ureters. Secondary vesicoureteral reflux is due to a urinary tract malfunction, often caused by infection.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX DIAGNOSED?
How are the symptoms diagnosed It is diagnosed by an urologist by the following tests:
• Kidney and bladder ultrasound.
• Voiding cystourethrogram
• Nuclear scan.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX TREATED?
Many children do not need treatment for vesicoureteral reflux. The ureters grow as a child gets older. Mild cases of VUR usually go away completely by the time a child is 5 years old. If treatment is needed, antibiotics, such as amoxicillin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (for example, Bactrim), are often prescribed. Surgery may be needed to repair more severe cases of VUR.
DID YOU KNOW?
Without surgery, there is a high risk of long-term kidney damage.