Vesicoureteral reflux is the abnormal flow of urine from your bladder back up the tubes (ureters) that connect your kidneys to your bladder. Normally, urine flows only down from your kidneys to your bladder. Vesicoureteral reflux can be primary or secondary. Children with primary vesicoureteral reflux are born with a defect in the valve that normally prevents urine from flowing backward from the bladder into the ureters. Secondary vesicoureteral reflux is due to a urinary tract malfunction, often caused by infection.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX DIAGNOSED?
How are the symptoms diagnosed It is diagnosed by an urologist by the following tests:
• Kidney and bladder ultrasound.
• Voiding cystourethrogram
• Nuclear scan.
HOW IS VESICOURETERAL REFLUX TREATED?
The treatment of Vesicoureteral Reflux depends upon the severity of the condition and medication and surgery are the common treatments for Vesicoureteral Reflux. In case of a surgery, it repairs the defect in the functional valve between the bladder and each affected ureter that keeps it from closing and preventing urine from flowing backward.
DID YOU KNOW?
VUR is more common in infants and young children, but older children and even adults can be affected. About 10 percent of children have VUR. In many cases, a child with VUR has no symptoms. When symptoms are present, the most common is a urinary tract infection (UTI). When a child with VUR gets a UTI, bacteria can move into the kidney and lead to scarring. Scarring of the kidney can be associated with high blood pressure and kidney failure.