Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid fever is rare in industrialized countries. However, it remains a serious health threat in the developing world, especially for children. The signs and symptoms are:
1. Fever that starts low and increases daily, possibly reaching as high as 104.9 F (40.5 C)
3. Weakness and fatigue
4. Muscle aches
6. Dry cough
7. Loss of appetite and weight loss
8. Abdominal pain
9. Diarrhea or constipation
11. Extremely swollen abdomen
HOW IS TYPHOID DIAGNOSED?
The doctor is likely to suspect typhoid fever based on the symptoms and details of medical and travel history. But the diagnosis is usually confirmed by identifying S. typhi in a culture of blood or other body fluid or tissue.
HOW IS TYPHOID TREATED?
The only effective treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. The most commonly used are ciprofloxacin (for non-pregnant adults) and ceftriaxone. Other than antibiotics, it is sensible to rehydrate by drinking adequate water. In more severe cases, where the bowel has become perforated, surgery may be required.