Tricuspid atresia is a heart defect present at birth (congenital) in which one of the valves (tricuspid valve) between two of the heart's chambers the upper right chamber (right atrium) and the lower right chamber (right ventricle) isn't formed. Instead, there's solid tissue between the chambers. Common symptoms associated with tricuspid atresia include:
• rapid breathing
• shortness of breath, or dyspnea
• a bluish skin color, or cyanosis
• fatigue that occurs during feeding
• slow growth
HOW IS TRICUSPID ATRESIA DIAGNOSED?
A pediatric cardiologist diagnoses this condition by conducting the following tests:
3. Chest X Ray
4. Pulse oximetry
5. Cardiac catheterization
HOW IS TRICUSPID ATRESIA TREATED?
The condition always requires surgery. If the heart is unable to pump enough blood out to the lungs and rest of the body, the first surgery most often takes place within the first few days of life. In this procedure, an artificial shunt is inserted to keep blood flowing to the lungs. In some cases, this first surgery is not needed. The next stage of surgery is called the Glenn shunt or hemi-Fontan procedure. This procedure connects half of the veins carrying blue blood from the upper half of the body directly to the pulmonary artery. The surgery is most often done when the child is between 4 to 6 months old. Stage III, the final step, is called the Fontan procedure. The rest of the veins carrying blue blood from the body are connected directly to the pulmonary artery leading to the lungs.
DID YOU KNOW?
That there are different surgical procedures adopted by the surgeons to set right the heart condition in children born with the defect?