Present right from birth, Tricuspid atresia is defined as a condition or type of congenital heart disease in which there is a complete absence of the tricuspid valve. Due to the lack of this right atrioventricular connection the heart does not finish developing leading to lack of oxygen, blueness in the body, trouble in breathing, poor feeding habits and also difficulty in maintaining blood flow.
HOW IS TRICUSPID ATRESIA DIAGNOSED?
A pediatric cardiologist diagnoses this condition by conducting the following tests:
3. Chest X Ray
4. Pulse oximetry
5. Cardiac catheterization
HOW IS TRICUSPID ATRESIA TREATED?
There is a complicated procedure called PGE1 that is undertaken to maintain the patient ductus arteriosus. In other cases surgical procedures like Blalock-Taussig and cavopulmonary anastomosis are also done. Other surgeries and treatment modes here include Fontan procedure to help in enhancing blood flow.
DID YOU KNOW?
Some babies with tricuspid atresia can also have other heart defects, including transposition of the great arteries (TGA). In TGA, the main connections (arteries) from the heart are reversed. The main pulmonary artery, which normally carries oxygen-poor blood from the right side of the heart to the lungs, now arises from the left side and carries oxygen-rich blood returning from the lungs back to the lungs.