Thyroid cancer is a condition that develops when you get an abnormal growth on the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland tends to regulate the metabolism of your body. It makes hormones that regulate the way your body uses energy and that help your body work normally. Symptoms of the condition include a lump in the throat, pain the neck, trouble in swallowing, hoarseness of voice and frequent episodes of cough and cold.
HOW IS THYROID CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Tests and procedures used to diagnose thyroid cancer include:
• Physical exam. Your doctor will look for physical changes in your thyroid and ask about your risk factors, such as excessive exposure to radiation and a family history of thyroid tumors.
• Blood tests. Blood tests help determine if the thyroid gland is functioning normally.
• Removing a sample of thyroid tissue. During a fine-needle biopsy, your doctor inserts a long, thin needle through your skin and into the thyroid nodule. Ultrasound imaging is typically used to precisely guide the needle into the nodule.Your doctor uses the needle to remove samples of suspicious thyroid tissue. The sample is analyzed in the laboratory to look for cancer cells.
• Imaging tests. You may have one or more imaging tests to help your doctor determine whether your cancer has spread beyond the thyroid. Imaging tests may include computerized tomography (CT) scans, positron emission tomography (PET) or ultrasound.
• Genetic testing. Some people with medullary thyroid cancer may have genetic changes that can be associated with other endocrine cancers. Your family history may prompt your doctor to recommend genetic testing to look for genes that increase your risk of cancer.
HOW IS THYROID CANCER TREATED?
Treatment options depend on the type and stage of thyroid cancer and overall health.Most people with thyroid cancer undergo surgery to remove all or most of the thyroid (thyroidectomy) and lymph nodes of the neck.In addition, Thyroid hormone therapy ,Radioactive iodine therpay, External radiation therapy,Chemotherapy and Targeted drug therapy arealso recommended
DID YOU KNOW?
The cause of Thyroid Cancer is not determined in most of the cases.