Thrombocytopenia, also known as low platelet count, is a condition in which a person has low blood platelet count and this disease occurs as a result of a separate disorder such as leukemia or an immune system problem. Thrombocytopenia may be mild or severe depending upon its underlying cause. Some of the signs of Thrombocytopenia include bleeding gums, heavy menstrual bleeding, blood in the stools, blood in the urine, and bleeding from the rectum, among others.
HOW IS THROMBOCYTOPENIA DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will perform a physical exam and ask about medical history and symptoms. The following tests may be done:
• Complete blood count (CBC)
• Blood clotting tests (PTT and PT)
Other tests that may help diagnose this condition include bone marrow aspiration or biopsy.
HOW IS THROMBOCYTOPENIA TREATED?
Treatment depends on the cause of the condition. In some cases, a transfusion of platelets may be required to stop or prevent bleeding.
DID YOU KNOW?
Severe cases of thrombocytopenia can lead to extreme bleeding that can be fatal. Mild cases of thrombocytopenia can also happen during pregnancy and these cases are generally temporary.