Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms are bulges in the portion of the aorta running through the chest. While Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm is more common in people who were born with an abnormal aortic valve or in people who have other conditions that affect their tissues and blood vessels. Some of the common signs of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm include lightheadedness, falling blood pressure, shortness of breath, loss of consciousness and dizziness, among others.
HOW IS THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSM DIAGNOSED?
The physical exam is often normal unless a rupture or leak has occurred. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are detected on imaging tests performed for other reasons. These tests include chest x-ray, echocardiogram, or chest CT scan or MRI. A chest CT scan shows the size of the aorta and the exact location of the aneurysm. An aortogram (a special set of x-ray images made when dye is injected into the aorta) can identify the aneurysm and any branches of the aorta that may be involved.
HOW IS THORACIC AORTIC ANEURYSM TREATED?
Medical monitoring and medications like Angiotensin II receptor blockers, beta blockers and statins are used.Surgery is generally recommended if aneurysm is about 1.9 to 2.4 inches (about 5 to 6 centimeters) and larger.
DID YOU KNOW?
People who smoke or chew tobacco are advised to immediately quit as tobacco use can worsen the condition.