Systemic Hypertension is high blood pressure in the systemic arteries - the vessels that carry blood from the heart to the body's tissues. High systemic (or body) blood pressure is usually caused by the constriction of the small arteries (arterioles). This increases the peripheral resistance to blood flow, which increases the heart's workload and raises arterial pressure. Initial signs of systemic hypertension can include a persistent, dull headache, confusion and episodic dizziness. When other system functions become affected, additional symptoms may include pronounced fatigue, impaired vision and malaise. If symptoms are ignored, one’s chances for complications increase significantly, including stroke, blindness and heart failure.
HOW IS SYSTEMIC HYPERTENSION DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Systemic Hypertension is based on persistent high pressure. A sphygmomanometer measures blood pressure. Secondary Systemic Hypertension is also checked by cardiologists by diagnosing for related ailments.
HOW IS SYSTEMIC HYPERTENSION TREATED?
Besides medication, low salt diet and exercise programs help in treating Systemic Hypertension.
DID YOU KNOW?
In more than 90% of all cases of systemic hypertension, the disorder is primary, arising from unknown sources, and cannot be cured. However, lifestyle choices may influence its development and severity. For example, obesity, the use of alcohol and tobacco (smoked or chewed), high salt intake, high cholesterol due to diet, and the use of prescription or recreational drugs may all lead to increased blood pressure.