Synovial sarcoma is a type of soft-tissue sarcoma. It is a rare cancer and can occur at any age, but it is more common among teenagers and young adults.Symptoms vary based on tumor location, and the following symptoms may arise:
The mass may hinder a bodily function. For example, in the head and neck region, it may cause difficulties swallowing and breathing or it may alter the voice.
The mass may be painful, in particular if nerves are involved.
A slow-growing painless mass is common and may give the false impression that it is harmless. When a tumor is painless and deep-seated within the body, it may go unnoticed for a long time. Because tumors can go unnoticed, follow-up guidelines generally involve regular imaging (such as CT scans) after treatment is completed. These tests can detect recurrences at the site of the original tumor or elsewhere in the body. If the cancer occurs elsewhere in the body, it is called metastasis.
HOW IS SYNOVIAL SARCOMA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis starts with imaging studies. X-ray, sonogram, CT scan, and MRI may be used in the course of evaluating a suspicious mass.
HOW IS SYNOVIAL SARCOMA TREATED?
Treatment is usually multimodal, involving surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy:
• Surgery, to remove the tumor and a safety margin of healthy tissue.
• Conventional chemotherapy –
• Radiotherapy to reduce the chance of local recurrence. The benefit of radiotherapy in this disease is less clear than for chemotherapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Certain genetic defects can make a person prone to developing a Synovial Sarcoma.