Syncope is a transient loss of consciousness caused by transient global cerebral hypoperfusion characterised by rapid onset, short duration and spontaneous complete recovery.The term syncope excludes seizures, coma, shock or other states of altered consciousness.Patients presenting with a history of blackouts, faints or collapse need careful evaluation to assess the precise nature of the problem. This is essential so as to assess both the risk of a serious underlying disorder and also the risk of recurrence and subsequent injury
HOW IS SYNCOPE DIAGNOSED?
Transient loss of consciousness is usually due to syncope. Other possible causes are
Dizziness or vertigo without loss of consciousness.
Transient ischaemic attacks/stroke.
HOW IS SYNCOPE TREATED?
No treatment is needed for many non-cardiac causes of syncope (such as postural hypotension, vasovagal reaction, and situational syncope). The person regains consciousness by simply sitting or lying down. The person is thereafter advised to avoid trigger situations, to not strain while eliminating, to sit when coughing, to lie down for blood drawing, etc. Older people should have their medications reviewed and caution is advised to slow the process of changing positions from lying to standing. This simple technique can allow the body to adjust to the new position
DID YOU KNOW?
Feeling lightheaded, dizzy, weak or nauseous happens before a person undergoes a spell of Syncope.