Swollen Lymph Nodes usually occur due to exposure to bacteria or virus. Swollen lymph nodes caused by an infection are called lymphadenitis. Lymphatic system is made up of a network or organs, vessels and numerous lymph nodes. Most of the lymph nodes are located in neck and head region. Symptoms of Swollen Lymph Nodes are:
• Tender and painful lymph nodes
• Runny nose, sore throat, fever
• Hardened, fixed and rapidly growing nodes
• Night sweats
HOW IS SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician diagnoses Swollen Lymph Nodes by examining the medical history of the patient and performing a physical examination. Additional diagnosis consists of blood test, CT scan, MRI, lymph node biopsy and ultrasound to determine the cause of the disease.
HOW IS SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES TREATED?
Treatment is directed at the cause. Swollen lymph nodes are not treated unless a bacterial infection of the lymph node is suspected, in which case a trial of antibiotics is given to see if the swelling resolves. Swollen lymph nodes caused by cancer may not shrink back to normal size until the cancer is treated. Cancer treatment may involve removing the tumor or any affected lymph nodes. It may also involve chemotherapy to shrink the tumor.