Swelling occurs whenever the organs, skin, or other parts of your body enlarge. It is typically the result of inflammation or a buildup of fluid. Swelling can occur internally, or it can affect your outer skin and muscles. A range of conditions can cause swelling. Insect bites, illnesses, or injuries often result in external swelling. Internal swelling is often a side effect of medication or the result of a serious injury.
HOW IS SWELLING DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will take your medical history and will perform a physical examination. Tests that may be done include:
• Albumin blood test
• Blood electrolyte levels
• Kidney function tests
• Liver function tests
HOW IS SWELLING TREATED?
The treatment will depend on the cause of the swelling. If a tumor or abscess is causing the swelling, one may need surgery to remove it. If the growth can't be surgically removed because of its size or location, the doctor may order an aggressive treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation, to shrink it. The doctor might also prescribe medication to relieve inflammation or swelling. Over-the-counter antihistamines can relieve itching and swelling caused by rashes or hives. Topical steroid medication may also be useful in easing skin inflammation.