Cells passing through the lymph channels are blocked at the lymph nodes, which are a checkpoint for any virus, infection or sickly cells. Lymph nodes are found throughout the body, in the armpits, groin, on the neck, on top of the collarbone or under the jaw. And a swelling in the lymph node can be caused by an infection, virus, stress, immune system disorders or even cancer. The spread of any kind of cancer causes enlarged lymph nodes in the body. Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system and survival rates decrease when the cancer spreads through the lymph nodes. Syphilis and gonorrhea are STD's (Sexually Transmitted Diseases) that could be the cause of swollen lymph nodes. In a few cases of exposure to bacteria and viruses, the cure could simply be a hot water compress. But swollen lymph nodes can be dangerous if left undiagnosed and untreated. If it is an infectious disease the doctor may prescribe medication such as anti – biotics, ibuprofen or aspirin. Consult a general physician to diagnose treatment options, especially in cases where the swelling lasts for a prolonged period of more than two weeks. The doctor may recommend an MRI scan, CT scan, an X-ray or a blood test to diagnose the condition. An oncologist is a doctor who deals with cancer, and the cancer treatment may involve surgery, chemotherapy or even radiation.
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