Strains and Sprains are common types of injuries that share similar signs and symptoms. Sprain is the stretching and tearing of ligaments that connect two bones. Strain is the stretching or tearing of the muscle or tendon. Symptoms of Strains and Sprains are:
Sprains:o pain o Swelling o Bruising o Limited ability to move affected joint o Pop sound at the time of injury Strain:• Pain and swelling • Muscle spasms • Limited ability to move affected muscle
HOW IS STRAINS AND SPRAINS DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose Strains and Sprains, an Orthopedic conducts an X-ray to closely examine the affected part of the body.
HOW IS STRAINS AND SPRAINS TREATED?
At first, treatment of both sprains and strains usually involves resting the injured area, icing it, wearing a bandage or device that compresses the area, and medicines. Later treatment might include exercise and physical therapy. Treatment may include:
• exercises, under the guidance of your doctor or other health professional, to promote healing, strength and flexibility
• manual techniques, such as mobilisation and massage
• pain-relieving medication (talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking any medications, as they can sometimes disrupt the healing of soft tissue injuries)
• gradually introducing activities to back-to-normal levels.
DID YOU KNOW?
Immediate application of ice helps bring down the swelling and pain at the affected area