The term stomach cramps is nonspecific and is used to refer to a number of different symptoms or sensations rather than true muscle cramps of the stomach. People often refer to a ""stomachache"" or ""abdominal cramps"" to refer to pain that is perceived anywhere in the abdominal area. As such, the list of potential causes is extremely varied. Organs of the abdomen include the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas, and problems or diseases of all of these organs may be the source of pain. Some typical causes of abdominal pain and associated symptoms that arise from the gastrointestinal tract include
• food poisoning,
• lactose intolerance, and
• inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis).
HOW IS STOMACH CRAMPS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician/ gastroenterologist diagnoses stomach cramps by physical examination and clinical features. Also, an X ray of the abdomen or an ultrasound of the abdomen may be used for proper diagnosis.
HOW IS STOMACH CRAMPS TREATED?
Treating stomach cramps depends on its cause. Treatments can range from medications for inflammation, GERD, or ulcers, to antibiotics for infections, to changes in personal behavior for abdominal pain caused by certain foods or beverages. In some cases, such as appendicitis and a hernia, surgery may be necessary.
DID YOU KNOW?
Not all forms of Stomach Cramps are preventable and following a healthy lifestyle can minimize the risk of such cramps.