Selective Mutism is a rare psychological disorder affecting mostly children wherein the child is unable to express, speak or understand in the social environment. The children with this syndrome grow a phobia of social gathering. The patient normally is unable to understand and speak in certain situations or setting. Some of the symptoms are extreme shyness, anxiety, fear, inability to speak with less known people or in social place. In some cases children may sulk, become rude, clingy or may become stiff or extremely nervous.
HOW IS SELECTIVE MUTISM DIAGNOSED?
There are no specific diagnostic procedures for this ailment. The doctors mostly examine the symptoms and base their study on the cultural factors too.
HOW IS SELECTIVE MUTISM TREATED?
Behavioral therapy and counseling is the most commonly followed treatment by psychiatrists for Selective Mutism. It is important for the child’s family to participate in the therapy for more effective treatment. Certain phobia and anxiety treatment drugs are also given in some cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
More than 90 per cent of children suffering from Selective Mutism have social anxiety.