Scapuloperoneal Myopathy is a rare genetic disorder that is characterized by weakness and wasting of certain muscles. Shoulder blade area is most commonly affected by Scapuloperoneal Myopathy. In a few cases facial muscles may be affected. Symptoms of Scapuloperoneal Myopathy are:
• Muscle weakness and wasting in shoulder blade area and girdle area
• Progression varies in various individuals
• Weakening may spread to legs, knees and face from the shoulder blade
• Muscular cramps and stiffness
• Shrinkage of muscles
• Muscle spasms
HOW IS SCAPULOPERONEAL MYOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Family and medical history, physical examination and blood tests could help with eliminating diseases or disorders that cause similar symptoms. Genetic testing could be recommended to confirm this disorder.
HOW IS SCAPULOPERONEAL MYOPATHY TREATED?
The treatment measures for Scapuloperoneal Myopathy are geared toward managing the symptoms and decreasing the rate of progression. The following may be prescribed for effective management of symptoms to offer relief to the patients:
• Corticosteroids: These have been shown to be effective medications to relieve discomfort. Further damage is generally delayed in patients and muscle strength may improve
• Supplemental vitamins may be recommended to offset the side effects of the corticosteroids.
• Therapeutic exercise regimen and physiotherapy
• In some cases, a surgery may be required to treat the condition
• Spirometry exercises: If the breathing muscles are severely damaged, a spirometer has been shown to help breathing in some cases (since it is not possible to strengthen these muscles)
DID YOU KNOW?
Frequent fractures due to bone wasting is a complication of Scapuloperoneal Myopathy