Salmonellosis or salmonella infection is a common bacterial disease that affects the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria typically thrive in animal and human intestines and are rejected through feces. Symptoms are:
• Abdominal cramps
• Blood in stool
HOW IS SALMONELLOSIS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician would recommend blood and stool tests to help diagnose this disorder. Questions about food consumed and symptoms would help with a background of how the disease could have been contracted.
HOW IS SALMONELLOSIS TREATED?
Electrolytes may be replenished with oral rehydration supplements (typically containing salts sodium chloride and potassium chloride). Appropriate antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone, are given to kill the bacteria. Azithromycin has been suggested to be better at treating typhoid in resistant populations than both fluoroquinolone drugs and ceftriaxone. Antibiotic resistance rates are increasing throughout the world, so health care providers should check current recommendations before choosing an antibiotic.
DID YOU KNOW?
In cases where Salmonellosis spreads beyond the intestines, life threatening consequences may occur.