Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) or Terry syndrome, previously known as retrolental fibroplasia (RLF), is a disease of the eye affecting prematurely-born babies generally having received intensive neonatal care, in which oxygen therapy is used on them due to the premature development of their lungs. It is thought to be caused by disorganized growth of retinal blood vessels which may result in scarring and retinal detachment. ROP can be mild and may resolve spontaneously, but it may lead to blindness in serious cases.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by an ophthalmoscopic examination
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Early treatment has been shown to improve a baby's chances for normal vision. Treatment should start within 72 hours of the eye exam. Some babies with ""plus disease"" need immediate treatment.
• Laser therapy (photocoagulation) may be used to prevent complications of advanced ROP.
• The laser stops the abnormal blood vessels from growing.
• The treatment can be done in the nursery using portable equipment. To work well, it must be done before the retina develops scarring or detaches from the rest of the eye.
• Other treatments, such as injecting an antibody that blocks VEGF (a blood vessel growth factor) into the eye, are still being studied.
DID YOU KNOW?
Rop occurs in both eyes and is the most common cause of visual loss among children.