ROP is a problem of the eye that was earlier referred to as retrolental fibroplasia (RLF). Premature infants who had received intensive neonatal care are particularly prone to getting affected from the same. There is a disorganized growth of retinal blood vessels that leads to acute vision issues and even blindness. Usually underweight babies or very poor birth rates are prone to this.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by an ophthalmologist who would check the baby’s weight first and then conduct International classification of retinopathy of prematurity (ICROP).
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
There are different approaches to treating this issue and Peripheral retinal ablation is the most common one. Certain other kinds of surgeries that are done here include Scleral buckling and/or vitrectomy surgery. Besides this, the child may also be given oral medicines like propranolol.
DID YOU KNOW?
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) generally affects preterm infants born before week 31 of pregnancy and weighing 2.75 pounds (1,250 grams) or less at birth. In most cases, ROP resolves without treatment, causing no damage. Advanced ROP, however, can cause permanent vision problems or blindness.