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Retinopathy of prematurity also known as ROP and Terry syndrome is an eye disorder that affects babies that are born prematurely or babies which have been in intensive neonatal care in which oxygen therapy has been used due to the lungs not being fully developed. In this disorder the blood vessels in the retina are not fully or properly developed due to the early birth or before 31 weeks.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists perform specialized tests to diagnose ROP in infants. ROP screening does not begin until the infant is four to nine weeks old. The International classification of ROP divides the ROP into 5 stages. Stages 1 and 2 do not cause blindness, while other stages may lead to blindness if left untreated.
Ophthalmologists perform eye check up after dilating eye drops are administered
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Treatment of ROP depends on the stage of the disease. Children with mild ROP (stages 1 and 2) recover as they grow. Photocoagulation through laser therapy, cryopexy, scleral buckling and vitrectomy are common treatment methods for advanced stages of ROP.
DID YOU KNOW?
This disease was first described in a premature baby in 1942. Between 1941–1953, over 12,000 babies worldwide were affected by it. Soul musician Stevie Wonder, actor Tom Sullivan, and jazz singer Diane Schuur are a few famous people who have the disease.