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Retinopathy of prematurity also known as ROP and Terry syndrome is an eye disorder that affects babies that are born prematurely or babies which have been in intensive neonatal care in which oxygen therapy has been used due to the lungs not being fully developed. In this disorder the blood vessels in the retina are not fully or properly developed due to the early birth or before 31 weeks.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by an ophthalmologist who would check the baby’s weight first and then conduct International classification of retinopathy of prematurity (ICROP).
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Early treatment has been shown to improve a baby's chances for normal vision. Treatment should start within 72 hours of the eye exam. Some babies with ""plus disease"" need immediate treatment.
• Laser therapy (photocoagulation) may be used to prevent complications of advanced ROP.
• The laser stops the abnormal blood vessels from growing.
• The treatment can be done in the nursery using portable equipment. To work well, it must be done before the retina develops scarring or detaches from the rest of the eye.
• Other treatments, such as injecting an antibody that blocks VEGF (a blood vessel growth factor) into the eye, are still being studied.
DID YOU KNOW?
This disease was first described in a premature baby in 1942. Between 1941–1953, over 12,000 babies worldwide were affected by it. Soul musician Stevie Wonder, actor Tom Sullivan, and jazz singer Diane Schuur are a few famous people who have the disease.