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Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare disorder that blocks the tubes (ureters) that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.Retroperitoneal fibrosis occurs when extra fibrous tissue forms in the area behind the stomach and intestines. The tissue forms a mass (or masses) that can block the tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the bladder.Early symptoms include
Dull pain in the abdomen that increases with time
Pain and change of color in the legs due to decreased blood flow
Swelling of one leg
Advanced symptoms include
Decreased urine output
No urine output
Nausea, vomiting, changes in mental status caused by kidney failure and build-up of toxic chemicals in the blood
Severe abdominal pain with hemorrhaging due to death of intestinal issue
HOW IS RETROPERITONEAL FIBROSIS DIAGNOSED?
CT and MRI scans of the abdomen would help in diagnosing this disorder. Ultrasound of the kidneys and blood test to determine kidney function would help in confirming the diagnosis of this disorder.
HOW IS RETROPERITONEAL FIBROSIS TREATED?
If diagnosed in the early stages, patients would be prescribed medications such as immunosuppressant or anti-inflammatory drugs. Surgery might be needed if the ureters are blocked and to prevent the blockage from occurring again.
DID YOU KNOW?
The disorder may lead to:
• Ongoing blockage of the tubes leading from the kidney on one or both sides
• Chronic kidney failure