For people who are suffering from respiratory diseases and do not wish to undergo surgical or invasive means of treatment, there exist a method of ventilator support known as Noninvasive Positive-Pressure ventilation (NPPV). It involves delivering a mixture of oxygen and air via a nasal or face mask to the patient undergoing treatment for respiratory diseases. A tube is connected to the mask, which in turn is connected to a machine helping to pump in oxygen for the patient. Widely adopted by patients with respiratory distress symptoms, NPPV has become the first choice for many medical centres around the world.
Based on the severity of respiratory infection or lung failure, a patient should seek medical assistance from a pulmonologist at the earliest to avoid complications. The general principle of treatment is based on the function of a vacuum cleaner – as the pressure around the mask decreases, the patient's chest expands passively owing to atmospheric pressure which in turn leads to inflation of the lung and breathing in of air. Since NPPV is a continuous method of treatment of respiratory diseases, it requires the patient to be cordial and cooperative to ensure maximum recovery from lung failure or other respiratory distress symptoms. As it does not require any sedation or surgical invasion, NPPV is a widely preferred mode of treatment for respiratory failure. However, consult a pulmonologist prior to any type of treatment.
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