One of the rare conditions that affects children is Renal Agenesis where either one or both of the kidneys do not develop. In some cases, an infant can have just one undeveloped kidney and in other cases there are two. Usually such babies would have low set ears, receding chin, limb defects, high protein in blood, high blood pressure and also some blood in the urine.
HOW IS RENAL AGENESIS DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a nephrologist would have observed these symptoms and done urine and blood tests. Post this, a scan and ultrasound is done to check for the development of the kidneys. Prenatal diagnosis is also possible.
HOW IS RENAL AGENESIS TREATED?
Treatment for Renal Agenesis includes dialysis in the initial stages depending on the severity of the condition. However, once they are older, kidney transplant is done.
DID YOU KNOW?
Annually,renal agenesis occur in less than one percent of births. URA occurs one in 1,000 newborns whereas BRA occurs in about one in 3000 births.